You searched for "proptosis"

3006 results found

A review of chromosome 9p21 POAG susceptibility locus

Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is a genetically complex disease and the overall phenotype is influenced by multiple traits including intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness and structural features of the optic nerve head. Therefore, genes affecting any of these...

Neurotrophic keratitis

The authors present an overview of the aetiology, diagnosis, current and future management options of neurotrophic keratitis. This is a degenerative corneal disease that occurs following the compromise of trigeminal innervation, leading to hypoesthesia and / or anaesthesia. The aetiology...

Retinoblastoma management update (part 1): clinical features, diagnosis and genetics

The first of a two part series, this article will discuss the clinical features, diagnosis and genetic aspects of retinoblastoma. Manoj Parulekar is based at Birmingham Children’s Hospital, one of the two designated national retinoblastoma and paediatric ocular oncology treatment...

Acute management of retrobulbar haemorrhage

The authors discuss the importance of rapid diagnosis and correct management of acute RBH presentation to avoid the risk of permanent blindness. Retrobulbar haemorrhage (RBH) is an ocular emergency that occurs due to arterial bleeding in the orbital cavity behind...

An eye on novel anti-cancer agents: an evidence-based approach to external eye assessment

Novel anti-cancer therapies have led to significant advancement in cancer treatment, however, they can be associated with external eye complications. It is important to be mindful of such adverse effects during assessment of patients enrolled in clinical trials. Annually, approximately...

Cancer associated retinopathy

Abdul Muhyemin Tarin reviews the presentation, pathophysiology and management of this paraneoplastic syndrome. Case presentation A 60-year-old hypermetropic female patient presented with several months’ history of painless blurred vision. Visual acuity (VA) was 6/24 and 6/9-1 in right and left...

Risk factors and prognosis of paediatric open globe injuries

This retrospective, comparative, interventional case-control study was aimed to investigate possible risk factors and prognosis of initial no light perception (NLP) in paediatric open globe injuries (POGI). A total of 851 cases were reviewed, including 837 unilateral cases and 14...

Imaging findings for macular dysplasia in nystagmus

This paper reports the retrospective analysis of congenital macular dysplasia in patients with albinism, macular heterotopias, congenital aniridia, foveal hypoplasia, congenital macular coloboma and congenital retinoschisis. The study included 29 eyes of 17 patients. The authors report SD-OCT aids diagnosis...

Disseminated cutaneous zoster – a masquerade

Reactivation of varicella zoster infection in the elderly commonly presents to ophthalmologists as herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO), affecting the Va trigeminal dermatome. In patients with impaired immunity, zoster infection occurs with increased severity and may be complicated by visceral and...

Choroidal folds

Choroidal folds are undulations of the choroid, Bruch’s membrane and pigment epithelium, with wrinkling of the overlying retina. They may be idiopathic but can also be caused by a number of different conditions. Case report A 60-year-old male patient was...

Oct/Nov 2018 Quiz

History A 37-year-old male was referred from the Emergency Eye Clinic with a swollen right upper eyelid. Symptom relieved with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The initial clinical diagnosis was dacryoadenitis. The patient presented again six weeks later with 3mm proptosis,...

Jun/Jul 2017 Quiz

History A 57-year-old female patient presented with gradual painless diplopia over the last six months. Examination revealed restricted upward eye movements and 4mm proptosis which did not increase with Valsalva manoeuvre. Intraocular pressure was normal, no visual defects were noted,...