You searched for "proptosis"

3212 results found

Radiotherapy for orbital apex cavernous haemangiomas

This is a review of six patients with cavernous venous malformations (haemangiomas) involving the orbital apex who were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. Patients were diagnosed on MRI imaging with only one having had previous surgery to debulk the lesion....

Globes in space: What would happen to our globes on the globe of Mars?

Many films have been made regarding life on alternative planets. With the Mars One mission approaching in 2023, there are high expectations regarding future interplanetary travel. The authors provide an ophthalmology perspective on what could happen to our eyes if...

Prognosticating ocular adnexal lymphoma

The authors retrospectively analyse 160 patients with primary ocular adnexal lymphoma to determine the accuracy of prognosis based on the Ann Arbor classification and how this compares to the accuracy of prognosis based on retrospectively applying the newer Tumor, Node,...

Retinoblastoma chemotherapeutic drugs and their toxic effects on RPE cells

There is reported clinical evidence of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) alterations after intra-arterial (IAC) and intravitreal chemotherapy (IViC) of retinoblastoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cellular toxic effects of melphalan, topotecan and carboplatin on the RPE...

Diagnosis and management of solitary fibrous tumour

This is a retrospective review of 21 patients diagnosed with solitary fibrous tumour of the orbit between 1996 and 2018 at a single centre. The authors reviewed the clinical presentation, management and course of the disease and reanalysed the histopathology...

Retinoblastoma in older children

Retinoblastoma is the most common ophthalmic malignancy in childhood and over 90% are diagnosed before the age of five years. It is not often suspected in older children given its rarity and unusual clinical findings which complicates the diagnosis. The...

Diplopia after orbital decompression

This is a review of patients undergoing a balanced two-wall and fat orbital decompression to identify risk factors for new onset diplopia. Standard decompression techniques were used, but as the surgery was conducted by ENT surgeons, the medial walls were...

AlloDerm for correction of lower lid retraction

This is a retrospective review of 95 eyes of 54 patients undergoing orbital decompression for Graves’ orbitopathy. All patients had a swinging eyelid approach across the whole of the lower lid. Thirty-six eyes also had insertion of a 0.3mm thick...

On the wrong track

A 65-year-old very high myope lady presented with sudden blurred vision down to count fingers to her right eye after a short and sharp pain. She also described seeing a black swirly line and as all these symptoms were exactly...

Upper eyelid ulceration as a presenting sign of frontal sinus mucocele

Introduction A sinus mucocele is an epithelium-lined sac filled with mucus and desquamated epithelium. It forms secondary to inflammatory processes that occur in a sinus with an obstructed ostium. Predisposing conditions include previous trauma, surgery, tumours, anatomical abnormalities, and chronic...

Predicting causes and prognosis in cases of optic disc swelling

The authors reviewed 93 consecutive cases with optic disc swelling (ODS) with the purpose of comparing the clinical manifestations and prognosis between cases. The aim was to understand the differences in frequency and clinical features of ODS, relating these to...

Somatostatin protects retinal pericytes

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the retinal microvasculature. Mechanisms, such as oxidative stress and deposition of advanced glycation end products, leads to glial cell activation and neuronal apoptosis. Pericytes, contractile...