You searched for "oedema"

281 results found

The management of retinal vein occlusions: a summary

Retinal vein occlusions (RVO) are the most common cause of visual loss from retinal vascular disease second to diabetic retinopathy. Vision is lost due to ischaemia, macular oedema and / or haemorrhage which ultimately effects a patient’s quality of life...

NICE drugs: an update on what’s good to go

Treatment options recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) must be readily available for use in the NHS of England and Wales. This article provides an overview of recent guidance from NICE and summary advice issued...

Differential diagnosis in cases of suspected neuroretinitis

Neuroretinitis is a form of optic neuropathy typically characterised by acute unilateral visual loss with optic disc oedema and macular exudates arranged in a star figure around the fovea (complete or partial star). The purpose of this study was to...

Nicotine accelerates diabetes induced retinal changes

This study investigated the influence of nicotine in an experimentally induced diabetic rat model. They used non-invasive high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging to provide quantitative information on the temporal alterations of retinal structures at the micrometer resolution...

Descemetorhexis without endothelial keratoplasty

This retrospective study examined outcomes of the largest reported series of eyes, which underwent Descemetorhexis without endothelial keratoplasty (DWEK) for Fuch’s endothelial dystrophy with mean 10 months of follow-up. Seventeen eyes were included in analysis; with 82.4% achieving corneal clearance...

A case study of posterior globe flattening in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The authors present a single case of posterior globe flattening without papilloedema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The case was a 64-year-old woman with a one-year history of transient visual loss in her left eye only. Visual acuity was 20/20 in...

Two-year interim safety results of the 0.2ug/day FAC intravitreal implant for the treatment of DMO

This is a 24-month interim prospective observational study of 95 previously steroid challenged patients (115 eyes) receiving intravitreal 0.2ug/day fluocinolone acetaid (FAC) implant for diabetic macular oedema (DMO) treatment. The mean IOP for pre- and post- FAC implants were stable,...

Occult central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a sight-threatening condition resulting from occlusion of the central retinal artery and hypoperfusion of the inner retina. Early on, fundal examination may be normal. The authors present a retrospective case series of 11 patients...

Macula re-attachment following intravitreal ranibizumab in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Ranibizumab (Lucentis) is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor (anti-VEGF) used for treatment of choroidal neovascular membrane [1]. We report a case where macula off inferior rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was misdiagnosed as wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and three intravitreal...

Radiation retinopathy

The authors review the current treatment options for this condition. Radiation retinopathy (RR) occurs as a complication after exposure to any type of radiation (external beam, plaque brachytherapy and stereotactic radiosurgery) in the orbital or adnexal region. These include nasopharyngeal...

Irido-corneal endothelial syndrome: an overview

Irido-corneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome is a rare group of eye related disorders that constitute three different clinical entities: Chandler syndrome (CS), essential / progressive iris atrophy and iris naevus / Cogan-Reese syndrome. ICE syndrome is sporadic in its presentation as...

Review of non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

This article reviews the risk factors, clinical presentation and therapies that have been investigated for non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAAION). Additionally, it provides an update from recent rodent and primate models, offering a new insight into the pathophysiology of...