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289 results found

Long-term effect of YAG LPI on corneal endothelium in PACS

This is a single-centre randomised controlled trial of 875 patients with bilateral primary angle closure suspect (PACS) who received YAG laser iridotomy (LPI) prophylactic treatment in one eye randomly and the fellow eye served as control over 72 months. Central...

Lamellar patch grafts utilising cornea remnants from DMEK/PKP

The authors retrospectively reviewed 23 lamellar patch grafts performed over a six-year period for tectonic indications in corneal thinning and perforations. The anterior stroma of corneal endothelium peeled for descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) were used to prepare circular lamellar...

Jun/Jul 2015 Quiz

History A 35-year-old male presents with bilateral corneal opacities. Examination shows a honeycomb-type dystrophy. A penetrating keratoplasty is performed and the specimen sent for ophthalmic histopathological assessment. Figure 1 is the haemotoxylin & eosin (H&E). Figure 2 is a Masson...

How to diagnose and treat Acanthamoeba keratitis

Corneal ulceration caused by Acanthamoeba is on the rise, and recent publications indicate an outbreak in the UK over the last few years [1]. Since Acanthamoeba keratitis often presents with atypical features, diagnosis from slit-lamp examination alone can often be...

The management of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy

Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a common retinal disease characterised by one or more serous neurosensory detachments. Patients present with acute onset blurring of vision, metamorphopsia and / or central scotomas. The condition is six times more common in men...

Diabetic Macular Oedema

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects the metabolism of all three categories of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. This condition is characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia [1]. This can cause end organ damage. The estimated worldwide diabetes prevalence for 2010...

A case of congenital lacrimal fistula: an overview of diagnosis and management

Shivam Goyal and Kyaw Htun Aye describe the challenges of dealing with a rare case of congenitial lacrimal fistula.We present a case of a 19-month-old baby with a congenital abnormality. Congenital lacrimal fistulae are a spot diagnosis due to its...

Ocular bubbly: a vitreoretinal update on the art of gases

The authors remind us of the revolutionary impact gases have had on retinal surgery. In 1938, Rosengren attempted to improve his retina repair surgical outcomes [1]. He discovered that suturing the retina or pressing externally on the sclera were not...

Boston type I keratoprosthesis for limbal stem cell deficiency

Boston type I keratoprosthesis (KPro) long-term outcomes were compared in patients with and without limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) in this retrospective study. In the 11 year period 68 procedures were performed in individuals with LSCD, and 105 procedures in...

Risks factors for graft preparation failure in DMEK

Diabetes mellitus (DM) makes it more difficult to prepare descemet membrane epithelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts due to the ‘stickiness’ of Descemet’s membrane. This retrospective study examined a classification system, where donors were scored points according to their DM related risk...

Comparison of SS-OCT and SD-OCT in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

Swept source OCT (SS-OCT) is known to have a longer wavelength than spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT), allowing deeper penetration into retinal and choroidal layers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SS-OCT is superior to SD-OCT in imaging...

Lacrimal gland carcinoma

This is a major review of the management of lacrimal gland carcinoma, focusing mainly on adenoid cystic carcinoma. Relevant literature published in English since 1970 was included amounting to some 40 articles after filtering. Overall mortality for all lacrimal gland...