You searched for "carcinoma"

66 results found

Quiz Aug/Sep 2022

History A 58-year-old female patient was referred with a 2-year history, gradually enlarging, painless left upper lid lump. There was no bleeding or ulceration. She had no other eye symptoms and no other skin lesions. Her past medical history included:...

Take this waltz

My last weekend on-call was the busiest I can remember for a very long time. We were just completely swamped with patients. The weather was not too good that Saturday and it felt like every second inhabitant of our ocean...

Outcomes of Hughes flap in lower eyelid reconstruction

One hundred and 22 consecutive patients who underwent tarsoconjunctival advancement flap surgery for lower eyelid defects were part of this study. Ninety percent of them had lesion excision using Mohs micrographic surgery. Eighty percent of these were for basal cell...

Cancer associated retinopathy

Abdul Muhyemin Tarin reviews the presentation, pathophysiology and management of this paraneoplastic syndrome. Case presentation A 60-year-old hypermetropic female patient presented with several months’ history of painless blurred vision. Visual acuity (VA) was 6/24 and 6/9-1 in right and left...

Laissez-faire approach for medial canthus tumours

This is a retrospective comparative case series of patients who underwent reconstruction of a medial canthal defect using laissez-faire approach (LFS), or a full-thickness skin graft (FTSG). The surgical options were discussed with the patient and the treatment decision was...

A case report of papilloedema caused by unilateral jugular vein thrombosis

In rare cases, unilateral jugular vein thrombosis can lead to increased intracranial pressure and papilloedema, resulting in headaches and visual loss. The authors describe the case of a 45-year-old patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx who developed right...

The effect of everolimus on retinal pigment epithelium and proliferative vitreo-retinopathy

The principal cells involved in proliferative vitreo-retinopathy (PVR) are retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE). Everolimus is a drug used in renal cell carcinoma which targets and inhibits a key regulatory protein in cancer (mTOR). In this study, the authors investigated...

Oct/Nov 2019 Quiz

History A 62-year-old female patient was referred for rapid growth of a left periorbital soft tissue lesion with proptosis. Her past medical history included: hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and bipolar disorder. On examination: vision in the affected eye was hand movements, right...

Dec/Jan 2019 Quiz

History A 72-year-old male presented to his GP with a large ulcerated lesion on his right lower eyelid present for six months and enlarging in size. He had an urgent referral to a tertiary centre for specialised examination. The lesion...

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN)

The authors present two cases of invasive OSSN in patients with severe AKC. Case 1 was a 73-year-old male with severe AKC and atopic eczema who developed a suspicious papillary-like limbal lesion in the left eye. He had an excisional...

Adjunctive topical 5-FU vs. MMC for surgically excised, localised OSSN

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) comprises a range of dysplasia including corneal-conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The traditional treatment for localised non-invasive OSSN has been surgical excision with or without intraoperative cryotherapy. Postoperative adjunctive topical chemotherapy significantly...

Meeting the needs of older patients in optics

Fiona Anderson discusses the important role of community-based eyecare practitioners in meeting the visual needs of ageing patients. It has been well documented that today we live for longer. Statistics show in 1997, around one in every six people (15.9%)...