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Macular thickness and visual fields

The authors describe a comparison of spectral domain OCT with Humphrey visual fields (HVF) mean deviation (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD), examining the retinal thickness of the macula and circumpapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) defects. Seventy-three subjects who...

What's trending Apr/May 2020

#punch #shark Nick Minogue, a 60-year-old New Zealander, was surfing off Pauanui Beach when he was attacked by a Great White Shark. Luckily, he recalled advice that sharks are vulnerable if hit in the eyes or the nose. His first...

Choroidal thickness in strabismus and amblyopia

The authors examined the effect of exotropia, esotropia, anisometropic amblyopia and hypermetropia on choroidal thickness in a prospective cross section study. The study included 100 patients and 20 controls with a mean age of 8.5±2.9 years; 61 female and 59...

Choroidal thickness in ocular sarcoidosis by OCT measurement

This is the first study to evaluate the choroidal thickness in patients with ocular sarcoidosis during the quiescent phase using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and comparing with normal subjects. Ocular sarcoidosis may affect the choroidal circulation (occlusive...

The choroid in pregnancy

During pregnancy there can be different types of ocular changes including a decrease in corneal sensitivity, increase in central corneal thickness and curvature, decrease in intraocular pressure, central serous chorioretinopathy and ocular blood flow. Advances in ophthalmic imaging devices has...

Corneal thickness in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

This cross-sectional study assessed corneal thickness in association with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) severity. The study also tried to identify the layer of the cornea most affected by DPN status. Performed at the University of Michigan the study included three...

The willingness of patients to participate in an eye donation registry for research

This paper explores the willingness of ophthalmic patients to donate their eyes post-mortem for research purposes. A total of 300 German patients with a median age of 70 years (range 19-95) completed the standardised questionnaire; 45.3% were female and the...

Understanding and confronting bacterial endophthalmitis

Abdus Samad Ansari highlights the importance of early recognition of this condition using an unusual presentation. Endophthalmitis is a medical emergency with devastating consequences. Despite adequate treatment, severe cases frequently result in permanent blindness. Endophthalmitis involves inflammation of both the...

The International AMD Genomics Consortium study: another success in understanding the complex genetics of AMD

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a neurodegenerative complex disease of the eye and a major cause of blindness and visual impairment among the elderly worldwide. The early stages of the disease are characterised by asymptomatic pigmentary abnormalities and accumulation of...

Surgical treatment of high myopia

Although several excellent modalities are available for correcting high myopia, the surgical treatment of this condition remains one of the biggest challenges for refractive surgeons; this group of patients is often very dependent on contact lenses. If these patients become...

Ophthalmology in ancient india, Sushruta’s time and the modern era

While reading an article related to the history of Indian ophthalmology, I came across this description of a surgical procedure: “The doctor warmed the patient’s eye with the breath of his mouth. He rubbed the closed eye of the patient...

The past and the future for paediatric ophthalmology

The past 25 years have seen remarkable advances in clinical eye care for children in the UK. This has led to both improved outcomes and better patient and family experiences. There have been substantial changes to patient pathways, major advances...