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Specialist high-street eye clinics for managing patients with retinal disorders can enhance care standards

The author examines the successful introduction of community-based retinal clinic services by Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust. Dr Sajjad Mahmood, Consultant Ophthalmologist, MREH, shares experience of establishing community-based medical retina clinic services. Sight loss from age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract,...

Ocular bubbly: a vitreoretinal update on the art of gases

The authors remind us of the revolutionary impact gases have had on retinal surgery. In 1938, Rosengren attempted to improve his retina repair surgical outcomes [1]. He discovered that suturing the retina or pressing externally on the sclera were not...

Understanding vasoproliferative retinal tumours

Syed Irtiza Ali Shah explores this rare and unusual condition through a fascinating case presentation. Vasoproliferative tumours of the retina (VPTR) are a vascular mass with an associated exudative retinopathy alongside the presence of minimally dilated feeder vessels. This is...

Silicone oil in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Silicone oil (SO), used in complicated retinal detachments, is associated with complications such as cataract, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), keratopathy, cystoid macular oedema (CMO), epiretinal membrane (ERM) and loss of vision. Emulsification of oil can also lead to migration of...

Why is there subretinal fluid at the macula?

This is a review article looking at the differential diagnosis of subretinal fluid in the macula that could be diagnosed as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). The authors have categorised them into 12 groups: neovascular diseases, vitelliform lesions, inflammatory diseases, ocular...

Microperimetry of subretinal drusenoid deposits

Subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDD), originally termed ‘reticular pseudo-drusen’, have recently been identified by histology and optical coherence tomography (OCT) as aggregations located in the subretinal rather than the sub retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) space. These deposits affect the amount of...

FA findings in treatment-naive premature infants

This retrospective study examined fluorescein angiography (FA) images of 162 eyes of 81 treatment-naive infants with retinal vascular immaturity and persistent avascular retina (PAR) despite exceeding postmenstrual age of 60 weeks. Disc diameter (DD), optic disc-to-fovea distance (FD), the length...

Importing iron to the retina

In the retina, iron is particularly critical for the visual phototransduction cascade. In the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), RPE65 activity leads to 11-cis-retinaldehyde, the photosensitive component of rhodopsin production and iron containing enzymes are necessary for disc replacement in photoreceptor...

RPE tears in cases of IPCV

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, characteristics, management and prognosis of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Medical records of previous cases were reviewed over an eight-year period from a...

Vision loss during Eylea treatment for AMD

This report investigated patients who lost more than two lines of vision despite periodic injections of aflibercept and explored the factors associated with vision loss. One hundred and ninety-six eyes were included in this study over a two year period....

Steroid implants in the treatment of post-epiretinal membrane peel macular oedema

This is a retrospective review of 39 eyes of 37 patients treated with Ozurdex® (intravitreal dexamethasone implant) for persistent post-operative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following vitrectomy and idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling. The 0.7mg implant was injected in each eye...

Twenty-five years in retina

In the next of our articles celebrating 25 years of Eye News, the authors look at how the retina specialty has changed over this time and ask what the future might hold. Retinal disease management has benefited from great advances...