Change in hyperopia with strabismus

This study aimed to evaluate hyperopic evolution patterns in children with early diagnosis (before three years) and treatment. This was a retrospective study of 78 eyes of 39 children. Forty-nine percent were males and mean follow-up was 130 months (72-193)....

Information booklet for eye drop use

On the basis that children may be more at ease and experience less discomfort and anxiety if provided with some control and choices, the authors developed an eye drop booklet in collaboration with children. This study describes the amount of...

Refraction under GA in children using cycloplegic refraction as a reference

The authors aimed to compare the measurements of cycloplegic refraction and refraction (R1-1) under general anaesthesia (GA) with automated refraction (ARF) in paediatric patients and to determine the impact of GA on accommodation. The study included 222 eyes of 222...

Surgery to collapse V exo

This paper describes a case report of an extra-large V pattern measuring >60PD and the surgery required to collapse the pattern. The patient was a female aged 20 years. Angle measurements were 70PD at distance and 75PD at near in...

Transient macular thinning with Densiron 68

Densiron 68 is a heavy silicone oil (HSO) used to treat rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) with inferior retinal breaks. The authors compared changes in retinal thickness during and after the use of Densiron endotamponade, and looked at any association between...

Visual outcomes after surgery for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in era of microincision vitrectomy

This is a prospective, multicentre, nationwide study between 2016 and 2017, to investigate the preoperative ocular factors, surgical techniques (pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or scleral buckling (SB), or combined procedures) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and postoperative best corrected visual...

Subconjunctival anaesthesia in vitreoretinal surgery

The authors present a technique that combines topical and subconjunctival anaesthesia for vitreoretinal surgery. In this ‘two-step’ procedure, three drops of proparacaine were applied to the conjunctival fornix, followed by subconjunctival lidocaine injected in three quadrants. This was compared with...

The effects of anti-VEGF therapy for NvAMD on retinal vasculature

This retrospective consecutive case series examined 54 eyes of 54 treatment-naïve neovascular age-related macular degeneration (N-AMD) patients. Thirty-three eyes received intravitreal aflibercept injections, and 21 eyes received intravitreal ranibizumab injections with unaffected fellow eyes (54 eyes) as controls. All image...

OCTA in geographic atrophy

In this article the authors aim to give an overview of the current literature concerning the application of OCT-A in geographic atrophy (GA). GA is a disease characterised by loss of outer retinal layers including photoreceptors, degeneration of the retinal...

Proning and ocular injury

This systemic review and meta-analysis investigated the incidence and type of ocular injuries reported in adult critical care from both prone and supine patients between January 1990 and July 2020. They reviewed 11 randomised controlled trials. In three trials, 28...

Microdroplet and splatter contamination during phacoemulsification in COVID-19 era

Half a millilitre of fluorescein was incorporated into 400ml of balanced salt solution to identify microdroplet and splatter from phacoemulsification to simulate possible COVID-19 contamination. Five porcine eyes were mounted to an ophthalmic mannequin head and two surgeons (height 189cm,...

Biometric changes in phakic eyes over time

This was a single-centre retrospective cohort study of patients who attended a ‘two-stop’ preassessment clinic for consideration of cataract surgery between November 2002 and March 2015. Four biometric measurements were recorded: axial length, horizontal (K1) readings, vertical (K2) readings and...