Case report review of children with septo-optic dysplasia and optic nerve hypoplasia

Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) and optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) cause congenital visual impairment. Their aetiology is mostly unknown. The authors aim was to investigate the prevalence of specified ophthalmological features in patients with these disorders. These features included impaired visual acuity,...

Pupil abnormalities after orbital surgery

This is a retrospective review of 287 patients who underwent removal of an orbital cavernous haemangioma (cavernous venous malformation), to ascertain the incidence of surgically induced pupillary abnormalities. Forty-four patients had lesions removed from the anterior or extraconal orbit, none...

Bleomycin for conjunctival lymphangioma

This is a retrospective review of 16 eyes which underwent intralesional / sub-conjunctival injections of bleomycin sclerotherapy for conjunctival lymphatic malformations (lymphangiomas). The mean age was 18 (range three to 59 years). Four of the lesions were microcystic and 12...

Hydrogel expanders in the management of congenital anophthalmia

This is a retrospective case series of 11 anophthalmic orbits in eight children. Anophthalmia can result micro-orbitism, congenital fornix atresia, constricted socket, phimotic lids and reduced palpebral aperture. Expanders play an important role in improving the orbital volume and forniceal...

Outcomes from evisceration with primary implant in 1800 patients

This is a retrospective analysis of 1800 patients who had evisceration with orbital implant between 2013-2019. As the largest published series on this topic, the authors are able to give relatable real-world data on complications following surgery. They use a...

Prevalence of strabismus 10 years after infantile cataract surgery

The authors present a secondary analysis of the longitudinal data on ocular alignment from the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS). The details of the trial are published elsewhere. This paper focuses on the ocular alignment assessment at age 10.5 years,...

Surgical technique combining vertical transposition and horizontal plication for mixed deviations

A retrospective case series, assessed adult cases with horizontal and vertical strabismus who had undergone unilateral vertical transposition of the horizontal rectus muscles during a recession-plication over a three-year period. A single surgeon performed all 15 procedures. Postoperative measurements were...

Unilateral cataract extraction outcomes in older children compared to two studies with younger cohorts

The authors present a retrospective study of children undergoing cataract surgery between the ages of two and seven-years-old at one centre, over a 24-year period. Data including demographics, ocular history, ophthalmic findings, operative reports, adverse events, and record of re-operations...

Access to eyecare based on geographical location

The authors aimed to evaluate access to paediatric ophthalmology using geo-informatics (OpenStreetMap software) with the objectives being to calculate driving time between vision screening centres and eyecare providers (ophthalmologists or optometrists) coupled with mapping to demographic information and economic census...

Mapping areas to target location of vision screening services

In this study, the authors analysed data from a community vision screening program to determine the efficiency of vision screening in reaching lower income populations. The study used ArcGIS (Esri) mapping software to develop a visual representation of areas needing...

Cycloplegic retinoscopy refraction versus Retinomax K-Plus 5 autorefraction

In this study, the authors present their results comparing cycloplegic refraction with retinoscopy versus hand-held Retinomax K-Plus 5 autorefraction. The study included 213 children aged 0.1 to 20 years (426 eyes). Mean age was 6.2 ±4.4 years. They examined sphere,...

BT outcomes under open versus closed sky technique

This retrospective study compared open versus closed sky BT injection techniques without electromyography (EMG) control in 135 patients (31 open sky and 104 closed). Patients were aged 1-50 years for open sky and 2-34 years for closed. There was a...