Refraction results in ROP with and without IVB

The authors aimed to compare refractive results of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection in premature neonates with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) versus infants with spontaneous regression of ROP. The study included 87 infants (174 eyes). Group 1 included 38 infants (76...

Why is there subretinal fluid at the macula?

This is a review article looking at the differential diagnosis of subretinal fluid in the macula that could be diagnosed as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). The authors have categorised them into 12 groups: neovascular diseases, vitelliform lesions, inflammatory diseases, ocular...

Correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status in diabetes mellitus

The authors report a cross-sectional study which was conducted to investigate the correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status, assessed by optic coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in diabetes mellitus. Fifty-two diabetic patients with non-proliferative retinopathy, 44 diabetic patients without...

Assessment of retinal capillary VD and FAZ area in CSC using OCTA

The authors aim to report a cross-sectional, case controlled study, the purpose of which was to access the retinal capillary vessel density (VD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients compared to...

Assessing failure of laser coagulation treatment for type 1 retinopathy of prematurity

The authors present the findings of a retrospective study to examine the cause of treatment failures in type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). They reviewed the medical charts of all infants with persistent disease post laser treatment at Uppsala University...

Rebound phenomenon after IVT triamcinolone acetonide for macular oedema

In this retrospective study, the authors report the rebound phenomenon after intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection for macular oedema secondary to diabetic retinopathy (DR) and central (CRVO) or branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). The incidence of a rebound phenomenon was...

Pupil responses in diabetes

This study aimed to investigate pupillary involvement in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to evaluate any relationship between severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and pupillary responses. Participants included 133 individuals in four groups: proliferative DR (n=21), non-proliferative...

Efficacy of IVC injection in the treatment of ROP

This is a retrospective consecutive case series of patients who received intravitreal conbercept (IVC) as a primary treatment from June 2015 to July 2016 for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Forty-eight eyes of 24 patients were included in the...

Control of bleeding with diabetic vitrectomy under air

The authors describe a modified diabetic vitrectomy using continuous air infusion in diabetic eyes with severe fibrovascular proliferation. In their case series of 25 eyes (20 patients), intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25mg) was used one week prior to surgery. Fifteen eyes had...

Two illustrative cases of AZOOR

The authors present two illustrative cases of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) which causes acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement. The disease is characterised by sudden loss of outer retinal function associated with photopsia, with minimal or no fundoscopic changes...

Incidence and risk factors of ocular hypertension following PPV and SOI

In this prospective, interventional study the authors evaluated the risk factors for elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil injection (SOI). This study included 254 eyes of 254 patients, with a mean age of 55.33...

Correlation between anti-retinal antibodies and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR)

The pathological basis of PVR is not clearly understood and there are no effective medications targeting this condition. This cross-sectional study looked at the possible association of anti-retinal antibodies with patients with PVR and retinal detachment (RD). Aqueous and vitreous...

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