Radiologic characteristics of cavernous venous malformations

This study is a retrospective review of cases with a preoperative radiologic diagnosis of cavernous venous malformations (CVMs) over 30 years. The aim of this study was to define imaging characteristics of CVMs, which will help differentiate these lesions from...

Bioengineered human tissue

This is a literature review of the current status of tissue engineering related to ocular and oculoplastic reconstructive surgery. The authors describe the process of bioengineering for tissue reconstruction. The aim is to reproduce functional tissue by the use of...

AlloDerm for correction of lower lid retraction

This is a retrospective review of 95 eyes of 54 patients undergoing orbital decompression for Graves’ orbitopathy. All patients had a swinging eyelid approach across the whole of the lower lid. Thirty-six eyes also had insertion of a 0.3mm thick...

Bisphosphonates can cause orbital inflammation

The authors describe four patients with bisphosphonate induced orbital inflammation and review a further 25 cases in the literature. Intravenous zoledronate was the most common precipitant (76% of cases) with the mean time until onset of inflammation being three days...

Interesting causes and consequences of orbital inflammations

Three articles discuss various causes and consequences or orbital cellulitis. The first highlights the possibility of orbital cellulitis causing cavernous sinus thrombosis and in the case presented progression to internal carotid artery aneurysm. The authors highlight the importance of considering...

Rituximab as an immunosuppression treatment for thyroid eye disease

Thyroid eye disease is traditionally treated with high dose glucocorticosteroids and surgical orbital decompression, where responses are often inadequate. This medical treatment is centred around symptom control and reduction of thyroid hormone synthesis, not immunosuppression. Rituximab is an anti-CD20 monoclonal...

Medial rectus recession in Grave’s orbitopathy

The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyse the surgical effect / success rate of recession of the medial rectus in 90 patients with horizontal diplopia. Mean age was 52.5 ±9.4 years. Of that 24% had unilateral medial rectus...

The presentation of natural killer / T cell lymphoma to the oculoplastic surgeon

The authors present three cases of periorbital extranodal natural killer / T cell lymphoma (ENKL). Ages were 20, 45 and 55. All of these patients presented with painless eyelid swelling and a history of sinus disease. One patient had persistent...

Prostaglandin associated periorbitopathy

Prostaglandins are known to cause periorbital adverse effects. The aim of this retrospective case series was to compare the frequency of prostaglandin associated periorbitopathy (PAP) between bimatoprost, latanoprost and travoprost users. Five PAP findings were evaluated: upper lid ptosis, deepening...

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