Augmented surgery for monocular elevation deficiency

The outcomes are described for augmented lateral rectus superior transposition in cases of acquired monocular elevation deficiency (MED) associated with large hypotropia in primary gaze. The lateral rectus was transposed superiorly and reinserted on sclera between the temporal margin of...

Quantifying ductions and fields of BSV

The authors aimed to evaluate current clinical practice of quantifying ductions and fields of binocular single vision (BSV) in the UK and Ireland. An online questionnaire was used and was circulated via the British & Irish Orthoptic Society (BIOS) member...

The incidence of sympathetic ophthalmia

In this meta-analysis, the authors looked at 24 retrospective studies to determine the incidence of sympathetic ophthalmia following open globe injury amongst adult and paediatric populations. The year of publication of studies included ranged from 1972-2019, and with broad search...

Inflammation and microvascular changes in diabetic retinopathy

Studies have shown that neurodegeneration and inflammation in the retina start early in diabetic retinopathy (DR) and can be present before the latter is clinically evident. The aim of this retrospective review of 99 diabetic patients was to evaluate retinal...

ROPPVAL Syndrome as a differential diagnosis to optic neuritis

Optic neuritis (ON) is a common cause of visual loss in young patients. Patients with eye pain and ipsilateral visual loss are often referred into neuro-ophthalmology clinics with a possible diagnosis of ON. In 2018 Jefferis et al. reported a...

Clinical outcomes of a supplementary sulcus IOL

In this retrospective study, the authors examined 31 eyes of 20 patients who had received a supplementary trifocal sulcus IOL in addition to a ‘bag-in-the-lens’ IOL. Implantation of a ‘bag-in-the-lens’ IOL requires the creation of anterior and posterior capsulotomies, followed...

A pulsatile pump in the TM, a new concept in trabecular outflow research

This is a research article where the authors propose a new model in conceptualising the mechanisms involved in the aqueous outflow at the trabecular meshwork (TM). The authors demonstrated evidence of a pump within the Schlemm’s canal. A pulse generated...

BT for retinal detachment strabismus (2020)

The authors report updated experience on factors influencing botulinum toxin (BT) outcomes for strabismus following retinal detachment surgery. This was a retrospective review of 32 patients with follow-up of 20 months (1-132). Mean age at BT injection was 44 years...

Binocular viewing amblyopia therapy

The authors compared conventional occlusion therapy for amblyopia with binocular viewing amblyopia therapy (MFBF) for effects on binocular vision and visual acuity. During MFBF the amblyopic eye perceives the target while the fellow eye perceives the background. Both eyes see...

Partial recession surgery for small angle vertical strabismus

The objective of this study was to assess the results of partial recessions of the vertical rectus muscles in patients with diplopia and small angle vertical strabismus. This was a retrospective study of partial temporal or nasal recession from one...

Spot screener versus Grand Seiko measurements

The authors aimed to determine repeatability and reproducibility of refractive values and pupil size measured using the Spot Vision Screener and to compare its measurement values with the Grand Seiko autorefractor. This was a cross-sectional study of 22 healthy adults;...

The effects of ab-interno XEN gel implantation on postural IOP elevations

The study involved 18 patients with XEN gel implants, 30 patients who had trabeculectomy, and 30 medically managed glaucoma patients. All patients in XEN gel implant and trabeculectomy groups had at least 11 months of follow-up following successful surgery resulting...