Human leucocyte antigen association of patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome in Han Chinese

This is a retrospective study of the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) polymorphism pattern of cold medicine-induced patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) (n=33) and 98 control patients recruited between 2016-2017 in Taiwan. Severe ocular complications (SOC) was...

RCT review of surgery for open angle glaucoma

This systematic review and meta-analysis examined eight randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) reducing effect of three types of microstent implantation (Hydrus, iStent, CyPass) combined with phacoemulsification versus phacoemulsification alone for patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG)...

Risk factors for visual impairment in facial nerve palsy

Facial nerve palsy (FNP) is known to be associated with corneal exposure due to the nature of the condition, but how many of those will go on to develop severe visual impairment (SVI)? This study investigates the risk factors associated...

Ocular adnexal mantle cell lymphoma

In this study the authors compare primary ocular adnexal (OA) mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) with initially systemic MCL occurring over a 30-year period. MCL is a rare form of lymphoma accounting for 5-11% of OA lymphomas and therefore knowledge of...

Review of the use of amniotic membrane in restrictive strabismus

This literature review was undertaken to investigate the indications, complications and final results of amniotic membrane (AM) transplantation in ocular motility restrictions. The review (of 1103 papers) outlines the healing process plus use of AM. Excluded papers were those of...

Detection of SO tendon abnormality versus atrophy

This study aimed to evaluate patterns of binocular misalignment in primary gaze, lateral and vertical gaze, and head tilt in patients showing head-tilt dependent hypertropia associated with discontinued superior oblique (SO) tendon but without SO muscle atrophy, versus patients with...

Augmented surgery for monocular elevation deficiency

The outcomes are described for augmented lateral rectus superior transposition in cases of acquired monocular elevation deficiency (MED) associated with large hypotropia in primary gaze. The lateral rectus was transposed superiorly and reinserted on sclera between the temporal margin of...

Quantifying ductions and fields of BSV

The authors aimed to evaluate current clinical practice of quantifying ductions and fields of binocular single vision (BSV) in the UK and Ireland. An online questionnaire was used and was circulated via the British & Irish Orthoptic Society (BIOS) member...

The incidence of sympathetic ophthalmia

In this meta-analysis, the authors looked at 24 retrospective studies to determine the incidence of sympathetic ophthalmia following open globe injury amongst adult and paediatric populations. The year of publication of studies included ranged from 1972-2019, and with broad search...

Inflammation and microvascular changes in diabetic retinopathy

Studies have shown that neurodegeneration and inflammation in the retina start early in diabetic retinopathy (DR) and can be present before the latter is clinically evident. The aim of this retrospective review of 99 diabetic patients was to evaluate retinal...

ROPPVAL Syndrome as a differential diagnosis to optic neuritis

Optic neuritis (ON) is a common cause of visual loss in young patients. Patients with eye pain and ipsilateral visual loss are often referred into neuro-ophthalmology clinics with a possible diagnosis of ON. In 2018 Jefferis et al. reported a...

Clinical outcomes of a supplementary sulcus IOL

In this retrospective study, the authors examined 31 eyes of 20 patients who had received a supplementary trifocal sulcus IOL in addition to a ‘bag-in-the-lens’ IOL. Implantation of a ‘bag-in-the-lens’ IOL requires the creation of anterior and posterior capsulotomies, followed...