Review of bupivacaine use in treatment of strabismus

This review aimed to assess the applications of bupivacaine (B) in the non-surgical treatment of strabismus in human and animal studies. Animal studies show that singly-innervated fibres with low concentrations of mitochondria and developed sarcoplasmic reticulum are more affected by...

How reliable is the postoperative diplopia test and can it predict postoperative outcomes?

A two-phase process evaluating the postoperative diplopia test is presented. A standardised operating procedure was used for conducting all postoperative diplopia tests for this study which is described in the paper. Phase one focused on reliability, test-retest and interobserver. Adults...

Visual acuity outcomes after cataract surgery in type 2 diabetes (NIDDM): the action to control cardiovascular risk in diabetes (ACCORD) study

This is a retrospective case-control study of 1136 eyes enrolled in the 784 ACCORD patients receiving cataract surgery between 2001-2014. 362 / 1136 eyes had gradable fundus photography for diabetic retinopathy (DR). Seven hundred and sixty-two eyes (67.1%) achieved 20...

Sex hormones in males and females with central serous chorioretinopathy

This study was aimed to assess the role of sex hormones in male and female patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), a disease with a pronounced male predilection. Two hundred and six patients, 183 males (mean age 52, median 52,...

Gene therapy: perspectives from young adults with Leber’s congenital amaurosis

The authors present their telephone survey data of 10 patients with a mean age of 24.4 years regarding their opinion on gene therapy for their Leber’s congenital amaurosis. Patients were recruited at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. Of the...

Depth and width of corneal wounds post corneal foreign body removal

This was a prospective study of 63 eyes of 63 patients undergoing corneal foreign body (FB) removal with a 27G needle at the slit-lamp; 96.8% of the patients were men with mean age 35.8 ±11.0 years. Regarding location of FBs,...

Could internuclear ophthalmoplegia aid differential diagnosis in demyelinating conditions?

The authors present a retrospective review of individuals diagnosed with either neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) or multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) in both groups over a 10-year...

Are illness perception or personality factors associated with follow-up appointment attendance in neuro-ophthalmology?

This was a prospective study which surveyed adults with appointments in either neuro-ophthalmology or the glaucoma service at a tertiary clinic. The aim of the study was to identify factors linked to attendance of follow-up appointments. Recruitment occurred over a...

How long to wait to refract after instilling cyclo drops for children with brown irides?

This study aimed to assess the time needed for effective cycloplegia after instillation of 1% cyclopentolate drops in children with brown irides. The study recruited 161 consecutive patients aged three to 16 years. All had refraction on arrival, then instillation...

Management options for microphthalmia with orbital cyst with / without visual potential

The authors present six cases (seven eyes) of congenital microphthalmia and orbital cyst. These cases were newborn mainly with one aged 20 years. There were four females and two males and two of seven eyes had a visual potential of...

Use of YouTube videos to show surgical techniques for paediatric cataract surgery

This study aimed to assess the quality of the most highly viewed paediatric cataract surgery videos regarding surgeon proficiency and execution of key techniques. A search for congenital cataract surgery and paediatric cataract surgery was made in YouTube. The top...

Preterm birth and refractive error in an Indian infant population

This study was undertaken to identify and compare the changes in refractive outcome in infants with and without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), to inform incidence of refractive error. This was a prospective study of 300 consecutive premature infants with birth...