Diplopia after orbital decompression

This is a review of patients undergoing a balanced two-wall and fat orbital decompression to identify risk factors for new onset diplopia. Standard decompression techniques were used, but as the surgery was conducted by ENT surgeons, the medial walls were...

At what age do children start to negatively judge ptosis?

The authors present a cohort study to assess for the presence of peer bias against ptosis. Recruitment took place in nursery and primary schools, of children aged three to six-years-old. An exclusion criterion was the presence of a visible ophthalmic...

Factors leading to loss to follow-up after strabismus surgery in children.

One hundred and fourteen patients were identified as lost to follow-up between 2014 and 2020, representing 16% of paediatric strabismus surgery performed during this time period. The authors specifically defined lost to follow-up as not attending follow-up appointments between three...

Accuracy of ASOCT muscle insertion measurements

Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) is a non-contact imaging method that can provide accurate measures of extraocular muscles to limbus insertion distances. The authors evaluated the accuracy of ASOCT for locating horizontal extraocular muscle insertions after strabismus surgery in...

Use of pattern-reversal VEP in congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) assessment

The authors conducted pattern reversal visual evoked potential (PRVEP) in children with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) and report the correlates with visual acuity, fundus alterations and severity of microcephaly at birth. This was a cross-sectional study of 37 children with...

Paediatric emergency presentations in an urban centre

The authors aimed to evaluate aetiologies in paediatric patients presenting to the Wills Eye Emergency department (USA) with particular emphasis on trauma. This was a retrospective review of one-year hospital data; 1136 paediatric patients, 57.4% male, 50.7% white, 36.8% black,...

Detecting apoptosis in retinal cells

This is a review paper in which the authors summarise the transitioning of techniques detecting apoptosis from bench to bedside, along with the future possibilities they encase. Detection of Apoptosis in Retinal Cells (DARC) technology can be used as a...

Occult central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a sight-threatening condition resulting from occlusion of the central retinal artery and hypoperfusion of the inner retina. Early on, fundal examination may be normal. The authors present a retrospective case series of 11 patients...

Inflammation and microvascular changes in diabetic retinopathy

Studies have shown that neurodegeneration and inflammation in the retina start early in diabetic retinopathy (DR) and can be present before the latter is clinically evident. The aim of this retrospective review of 99 diabetic patients was to evaluate retinal...

Incidence, microbiological profile and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of IK

This is a retrospective single centre study of all patients (with corneal scraping) including their demographic factors, microbiological profiles, and in vitro antibiotic susceptibility of infectious keratitis (IK), studied between 2007 and 2019. The incidence of IK was 34.7/100,000 people...

Effect of long-term RGP-CL wear on keratoconus progression

This is a retrospective study between April and December 2017, of 22 rigid gas-permeable contact lens (RGP-CL) patients (31 eyes) and 15 non-CL patients (20 eyes) who fulfilled the criteria of: 1) >3 years follow-up and 2) Scheimpflug-based corneal imaging...

Effect of long-term scleral contact lenses on corneal topography, tear film and impression cytology in keratoconus

This study of 16 keratoconus patients aimed to investigate the impact of long-term scleral contact lens (ScCL) wear on corneal curvature, corneal thickness, tear film function and ocular surface in patients with keratoconus. Corneal topography, tear osmolarity test, Schirmer 1...