High rate of conversion from ocular hypertension (OH) to glaucoma (UG) in subjects with uveitis

This is a retrospective study from Auckland over a 10-year period including 188 eyes of 139 subjects with either OH or UG and were included for analysis with a mean follow-up of 9.9 years. The most common uveitis causes were...

Use of international interocular difference thresholds for optic neuritis diagnosis in clinical practice

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common non-traumatic cause of disability in young people, and visual symptoms can be the initial manifestation in up to 20% of cases. Retinal examination can be helpful in making the correct diagnosis. The latest...

Malpractice from telephone triage in ophthalmology

The authors examined malpractice lawsuits related to ophthalmology telemedicine telephone triage in the US. The study reviewed a total of 510 lawsuits and identified 18 cases that involved synchronous telephone visits, while none involved video telecommunication. The study found that...

Narrative review of opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome following COVID-19

Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) / opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome (OMAS) is a rare central nervous system manifestation of COVID-19, but an increasing number of articles have reported patients in whom COVID-19 was complicated by OMS / OMAS. This narrative review...

Electrocautery and implantable cardiac devices

This is a literature review of the risks associated with bipolar and monopolar electrocautery in patients with a permanent pacemaker (PPM) or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The authors found 12 publications which met their inclusion criteria, but within these there...

Incomplete teprotumumab treatment for thyroid eye disease

This is a multi-centre retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes in patients who were on teprotumumab for thyroid eye disease but had the usual regime of eight infusions, three weeks apart, interrupted due to COVID-19. Manufacturing was suspended between Dec 2020...

Outcomes of reinjection of Ranibizumab for reactivation of retinopathy of prematurity

The authors present their data from Egypt assessing the effects of Ranibizumab reinjection for neonates with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Doses given were 0.25mg/0.025mL. They screened 2318 infants with 115 (5%) of infants with a mean post menstrual age (PMA)...

Cycloplegic autorefraction versus cycloplegic retinoscopy

This cross-sectional study compared cycloplegic autorefraction using VISUREF 100 table top and keratometer device (Zeiss) versus cycloplegic retinoscopy. The study included 47 children (94 eyes) of which 55 eyes were excluded because of ocular disease or not aged three to...

Characteristics of age-related distance esotropia

The primary aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristics and natural history of age-related distance esotropia (ARDET) within an adult cohort over a 20-year period. This was a retrospective review of 73 patients from 751 with adult onset...

Saccadic measurements in intermittent exotropia vs fusional amplitude

The authors investigated the correlation between fusional convergence amplitude and saccades during the shift from exotropia to binocular fixation during the cover / uncover test. This was an observational study of 15 patients (six female, nine male) with intermittent exotropia....

Four rectus muscle surgery for infantile nystagmus syndrome

The authors present a case report of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) with abnormal head posture (AHP) of face turn, head tilt and chin depression with a single-step surgery of all four horizontal rectus muscles. The case was a 26-year-old male...

Features of childhood cases of sixth nerve palsy

Based on limited information available for cranial nerve palsies in children, the authors aimed to collect data on new onset paediatric sixth nerve palsies in a UK population. This was a retrospective study over 10 years for children aged <18...