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Quiz Dec/Jan 2023

History A 35-year-old female presented to the emergency eye clinic with an acutely red, painful, photophobic left eye. She was a contact lens-wearer but denied swimming, showering, or sleeping in her lenses. She resided on a farm and worked as...

Oral omega-3 fatty acid treatment for dry eye in contact lens wearers

This study evaluates the effect of dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation of dry eye symptoms, tear film tests, and conjunctival impression cytology in patients with contact lens wear-associated dry eye. In this randomised double-blind, multi-centred trial, contact lens wearers (n=...

New solutions in the prevention and treatment of Acanthamoeba keratitis

The global increase in Acanthamoeba keratitis infections has emphasised the inefficiencies of current treatment and preventative methods, here researchers from the West of Scotland detail a promising new series of compounds that may stem the tide. News headlines detailing horror...

Differential inhibition of EAU by CTLA4 and IL-6

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) binds both CD80 and Cd86 and inhibits T lymphocyte activation via CD28. Il-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been associated with many autoimmune conditions including uveitis. Blockade of these molecules by either CTLA4-Ig, a...

Idiopathic orbital pseudotumor as first sign of systemic inflammatory disease

The authors describe four children in whom idiopathic orbital pseudotumor (IOP) was the initial solitary finding with systemic inflammatory disease developing later. Four children were seen over a five-year period. Mean age was 9.75 years (2-14). Three were white and...

Resurfacing the ocular surface

The ocular surface (OS) is an anatomical and functional unit made of the tear film, the conjunctival, limbal and corneal epithelium, the lacrimal, mucous and meibomian glands and the lids and blink reflex. The tear film is composed of a...

Therapy for limbal stem cell deficiency: cell fate after limbal stem cell transplants

“The beauty of scientific research lies in that the search for answers often yields yet more questions.” A large body of evidence points to the corneoscleral limbal location as the repository of putative epithelial stem cells [1]. Thoft proposed the...

Serology testing in periocular inflammatory disease

This is a review article of serological tests in thyroid eye disease, IgG4-related disease and myasthenia gravis. The authors provide an overview of the current serology with a brief description of how they relate to the pathogenesis of each condition....

The results of the last survey Aug21

We are often referred patients noted to have an optic disc haemorrhage (ODH) without any other features of pathology. How we manage these patients can have a significant impact on our struggling capacity. The significance in glaucoma and, in particular,...

Eye Surgeons of the Future

Who and where are the eye surgeons of the year 2040? Chien Wong reports from a London school's Careers Fair.

Does a gut-eye axis exist?

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: Does a gut-eye axis exist? Over a decade ago, the Human Microbiome Project was launched by...

Ophthalmology in the developing world

After the second year of medical school, I spent my summer vacation working as a volunteer for a small Italian non-government organisation (NGO), named HEALTH-AID. As part of my volunteering experience, I joined a team of European doctors, medical students...