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261 results found

Dacryoendoscopy in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction

This retrospective study demonstrates the role of dacryoendoscopy to identify causes of failed lacrimal probing in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). Dacryoendoscopy was carried out in 13 children with refractory CNLDO. The lacrimal pathway was examined from puncta to the...

A case of Miller Fisher Syndrome and bilateral asymmetric globe retraction

Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a rare, acquired nerve disease that is considered to be a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome. It was first recognised by James Collier in 1932 as a clinical triad of ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia. Later, it...

Inhibiting high-risk corneal allografts

The cornea is an immune privileged site and as such corneal transplants are very successful. However, in situations where this privilege is lost the failure rises substantially. To combat rejection inhibition of the immune responses depends on steroids and other...

Guide to Gaining Approval for a Clinical Study

This article focuses on gaining approval for clinical research involving NHS patients, although the principles can be applied to other types of research. The intention is to give an overview of the requirements for setting up a research study, but...

Low cost drainage device use in paediatric glaucoma

This is a prospective study from a tertiary referral centre from India of 34 eyes (31 patients) under 16 years with uncontrolled refractory glaucoma with medical treatment. A low cost glaucoma drainage device (GDD) – Aurolab aqueous drainage implant (ADDI),...

Combined anti-VEGF and PDT for wet AMD

The authors report on a retrospective case series of combined anti-VEGF and photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) refractory to anti-VEGF monotherapy alone. The criteria for treatment failure of anti-VEGF monotherapy were persistent subretinal...

Modification of surgery to reduce consecutive ET

Surgical treatment for recurrent exotropia (ET) predominantly depends on the primary surgery. Modification of surgical dose may be required in secondary procedures. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of modified and conventional secondary surgery using lateral...

DVD angle measurements

Surgical treatment for recurrent exotropia (ET) predominantly depends on the primary surgery. Modification of surgical dose may be required in secondary procedures. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of modified and conventional secondary surgery using lateral...

The clues of the eye – what is medical ophthalmology?

The author looks at the increasingly significant role of medical ophthalmologists and the importance of integrative healthcare. The eye is a remarkable organ, and for decades we have been discovering intimations of pathology existing elsewhere in the body [1] simply...

It’s not always GCA

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an immune mediated granulomatous inflammatory disease that affects muscular middle or large sized arteries. It is considered as a continuation of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) when the severity of the disease has increased. It is the...

The management of watery eye in an infant with facial dysmorphism

A six-month-old child with facial dysmorphism is brought to the eye clinic with history of watery right eye since birth. How will you manage this child? Causes for watery eye in an infant 1. Overproduction of tears a. Infections b....

Orbital cellulitis - an overview of the diagnosis and management

Periorbital (preseptal) and orbital cellulitis are infections of the subcutaneous tissues of the eye. They are differentiated by the location of the infection. Periorbital cellulitis refers to infection of the eyelid and subcutaneous tissues anterior to the orbital septum, whereas...