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How reliable is the postoperative diplopia test and can it predict postoperative outcomes?

A two-phase process evaluating the postoperative diplopia test is presented. A standardised operating procedure was used for conducting all postoperative diplopia tests for this study which is described in the paper. Phase one focused on reliability, test-retest and interobserver. Adults...

Exploring the potential of neurodegenerative disease screening within age-related eye disease research

The authors recruited healthy controls aged between 60 and 75-years-old, previously enrolled into a registry as patients following cataract surgery without age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Exclusion criteria included dense cataract, retinal disease, ocular inflammatory disease, moderate glaucoma, optic neuropathy, cancer,...

Practical phacodynamics – making the most of your phacoemulsification machine

Understanding phacodynamics is appreciating the subtleties in the dynamic changes of the fluidics and the ultrasonic power delivered. Kristina Southcott explains. Increase my vacuum! Increase my bottle height! Increase my phaco power! I frequently observe the above commands being directed...

Evaluation of Optive® in ocular discomfort after anti-VEGF intravitreal injection

In this study the authors prospectively evaluated the efficacy of Optive® eye drops after in full, then abbreviation - intravitreal injection (IVT). Patients naïve to IVT were included in the study. No artificial tear treatment was prescribed after the first...

Study calls for thorough investigation of patients with early signs of retinal vascular disease

Patients with the eye condition Paracentral Acute Middle Maculopathy (PAMM) would benefit from further investigation, as their risk of heart attacks and strokes may be greater than previously shown, suggests a new study led by researchers at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.

The extended role of the specialist ophthalmic photographer

The prevalence of certain retinal conditions such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is projected to grow substantially over the next decades. Estimates for the projected growth in burden on eye services for diabetic retinopathy and neovascular ARMD...

Sight loss befriender offers 'life changing' support to Freda

Sight Scotland, Scotland’s largest sight loss organisation, is appealing for more volunteer befrienders to help battle loneliness and isolation.

How does cataract surgery affect eyes with wet AMD?

In this retrospective cohort study the authors’ primary objective was to assess whether cataract surgery in eyes with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), triggered its progression. The surgical group comprised of 40 eyes versus 42 eyes in the non-surgical control...

Recession and resection surgery in TED

The aim was to investigate changes in ocular ductions in thyroid eye disease (TED) patients undergoing recession in comparison to recession / resection surgery. This was a retrospective study of 119 patients with inclusion of 102 eyes in final analysis....

Understanding Strabismus

This book is well written and offers a concise yet in-depth understanding of the subject of strabismus. Although the target audience of the book are the ophthalmologists in training, all grades of ophthalmologists who are looking for a systematic and...

A case series of acute visual loss following excessive alcohol and / or drug use

This study presents three cases of so called Saturday night retinopathy, an acute visual loss following intravenous drug abuse and stupor, leading to continuous pressure on the orbit while asleep. All three cases presented with acute vision loss and had...

VEGF and axial length (RVU)

The authors of this paper set out to examine whether the concentrations of VEGF in the vitreous were associated with refractive error and axial length in eyes without retinal disease, except of macular holes or epiretinal membranes. A vitreous sample...