You searched for "immunosuppression"

82 results found

Cytomegalovirus retinitis post intravitreal triamcinolone in an immunocompetent patient with juvenile glaucoma

Figure 1: Fundus photograph shows active CMV retinitis four weeks after IVTA in the right eye. Figure 2: Fundus photograph of the left eye with no CMV retinitis; atrophic disc as a result of juvenile glaucoma. Case report A 29-year-old...

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus: the essentials

Herpes zoster, also referred to as shingles, is a common infection most typically caused by the reactivation of varicella zoster virus that lies dormant (sometime for decades) in the dorsal root nerve ganglion following primary chickenpox infection [1]. In 10-20%...

New Treatments in Noninfectious Uveitis

As a specialist registrar training in Aberdeen there were two important lessons I learned which have proved to be invaluable over the years for two very different reasons. The first lesson learned was to never underestimate the wind chill factor...

Profile of sympathetic ophthalmia (SO)

The authors undertook this study to examine the clinical profile of patients aged <18 years with SO over the past 20 years. This was a hospital-based retrospective study from 1997 to 2017. SO is a diagnosis of bilateral panuveitis following...

A case report of Horner syndrome with neuromyelitis optica

This case report details a patient diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) with an associated left Horner syndrome. The female patient presented with neck pain and right hemibody decreased pain and temperature sensation. She then went on to develop left ptosis...

Case reports of neuro-ophthalmological complications of CIPD

The authors present three cases of neuro-ophthalmological complications of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIPD). CIPD can lead to prominent nerve hypertrophy which can mimic other forms of neuropathy radiologically. In addition, complications can occur which can cause diagnostic difficulties. All...

Systemic anti-inflammatory versus fluocinolone acetonide intraocular implant

In the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) trial, 255 patients with intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis or panuveitis were randomised to either fluocinolone acetonide intraocular implant or systemic corticosteroid therapy which was supplemented with immunosuppression if required. Patients were followed up...

A career in uveitis

As he retires from clinical practice, the author looks back on his long career in uveitis and how care of these patients has changed dramatically since his days as an undergraduate. My trainees and fellows are often bored by my...

White dot syndromes

It is fair to say that trainees and consultants who are not medical retina specialists are a bit scared of the so called retinal ‘white dot syndromes’. It is easy to understand why this is the case, as almost every...

Injection of methotrexate into silicone oil-filled eyes for grade C PVR

Methotrexate (MTX) is an antineoplastic antimetabolite with immunosuppressant properties. Folate antagonism is known to contribute to the antiproliferative effects of MTX, and release of adenosine from cells and inhibition of polyamines may explain its anti-inflammatory effects. These activities contribute to...

Medical treatment of orbital lymphatic malformations

This is a literature review of the use of Sirolimus, to treat orbital lymphatic malformations. Sirolimus is an immunosuppressant used in renal transplants, and acts by inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which in turn inhibits activation of T and...

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN)

The authors present two cases of invasive OSSN in patients with severe AKC. Case 1 was a 73-year-old male with severe AKC and atopic eczema who developed a suspicious papillary-like limbal lesion in the left eye. He had an excisional...