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1744 results found

Ophthalmic presentations and outcomes in Erdheim-Chester disease

This is a comprehensive article describing clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) followed by a literature review of the available treatments. The authors look to compare historical treatment (HT) with vemurafenib, a BRAF inhibitor. ECD is a non-Langerhans...

Effective management of dry eye and ocular surface disease

Experts recommend a consistent approach to diagnosis, therapeutic targeting by disease subtype and escalation of therapy when tear substitutes are not sufficient. Experts call for a consistent, unified approach to diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED), with a new simple...

Natural regression of brow heaviness in thyroid eye disease

This is a retrospective review of the change over time in the sub-brow fat volume in 104 patients with thyroid eye disease. Standardised photographs taken at diagnosis were compared with those taken after an average period of 10 years (+/-...

Incomplete teprotumumab treatment for thyroid eye disease

This is a multi-centre retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes in patients who were on teprotumumab for thyroid eye disease but had the usual regime of eight infusions, three weeks apart, interrupted due to COVID-19. Manufacturing was suspended between Dec 2020...

A case series of acquired esotropia in cerebellar disease

Acquired esotropia in cerebellar disease is well described but under-recognised. The pathogenesis of cerebellar esotropia is controversial. It is suggested it may be a result of disruption to central vestibular pathways. This article reports a case series of seven adults...

Tear production levels and dry eye disease

Dry eye disease (DED) is multifactorial, caused by an alteration in the quality or quantity of tear film’s three layers. Several tests are available for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine if the Schirmer test (ST) could...

Associations with ocular surface disease in high school children

The authors aimed to determine the prevalence of ocular surface symptoms in a high school population and to evaluate its association with contact lens wear and other factors. The study had a population of 3240 students. This was a cross-sectional...

Exploiting nature’s randomised trials of eye disease

Confounding and reverse causation in observational ophthalmic epidemiology Traditional observational studies are inherently limited in establishing a causal effect of an exposure on an outcome of interest. One fundamental limitation is confounding, whereby causation is incorrectly attributed to a third...

Using OCT to screen and monitor Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative illness characterised by progressive decline in cognitive function. AD is the main cause of dementia worldwide. Over recent years researchers have strived to find biomarkers to diagnose AD, particularly in the early stages of...

OCT measurements of eye muscles for Grave’s disease

The purpose of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess horizontal rectus muscle thickening in patients with active and inactive Grave’s ophthalmopathy (GO) compared to healthy controls. This was a cross section observation study of rights...

Low dose steroids for ocular dry eye disease in graft vs. host disease

This double-masked randomised clinical trial compared the response of dry eye disease (DED) to treatment with topical steroids in patients with and without graft vs. host disease (GVHD). Forty-two patients in a single centre (n=21 with and n=21 without GVHD)...

Exploring the potential of neurodegenerative disease screening within age-related eye disease research

The authors recruited healthy controls aged between 60 and 75-years-old, previously enrolled into a registry as patients following cataract surgery without age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Exclusion criteria included dense cataract, retinal disease, ocular inflammatory disease, moderate glaucoma, optic neuropathy, cancer,...