You searched for "Idiopathic"

109 results found

A tale of two membranes

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times... It was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness... I am fortunate to work on a vitreoretinal firm at the moment and only a few...

Ranibizumab safety in pregnancy

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role during pregnancy, and systemic anti-VEGF administration during this period should thus be avoided. VEGF is expressed in multiple embryonic and foetal tissues during development, with the highest levels found in the...

MRI characteristics of NMO, MOG and MS-related ON

This review article examined differences of MRI appearances that can help clinicians assess and manage these important neuro-ophthalmic disorders. It also examined the role of optic nerve MRI as a prognostic indicator in acute optic neuritis (ON). The major findings...

Imaging papilloedema vs. pseudo-papilloedema

Quite often, in the working week as an ophthalmic photographer, you will be given that patient with ‘swollen discs’ to image. These swollen discs could be a number of things, but mainly fall into one of two categories: papilloedema or...

Choroidal folds

Choroidal folds are undulations of the choroid, Bruch’s membrane and pigment epithelium, with wrinkling of the overlying retina. They may be idiopathic but can also be caused by a number of different conditions. Case report A 60-year-old male patient was...

Friendly felines and a spot diagnosis

A nine-year-old girl presented to me in eye casualty with a three-week history of blurred vision in her left eye. Otherwise she was apparently well, with no past ophthalmic, medical, drug or relevant family history. Visual acuity was 6/4 right...

Management of giant retinal tears with vitrectomy and perfluorocarbon liquid postoperatively as a short-term tamponade

The authors report an eight year retrospective case series study of 30 eyes of 29 patients with who underwent a giant retinal tear-related retinal detachment repair. M: F ratio was 23:6. Right to left eye ratio was 16:14. The mean...

Does paediatric uveitis reactivate after treatment with anti-TNF-a drugs?

As a potentially blinding disease that can affect 7-27/100000 children, uveitis remains a rare condition, where little evidence based data is available to guide management decisions. Most paediatric uveitis cases are chronic, anterior and non-infectious and may be associated with...

Sclerochoroidal calcification masquerading as ocular malignancy

Case 1 A 68-year-old Caucasian gentleman was urgently referred to eye casualty by his optometrist after seeing an unusual incidental finding of protruding lesions from the retina, suspecting choroidal melanoma. He was asymptomatic and this was his first eye test...

Optic nerve swelling – your survival guide (part 2)

In this second article we will discuss bilateral optic nerve swelling, its aetiology, various investigations and possible treatments. We will also discuss various protocols used in the management of suspected optic nerve swelling cases. (Part one of this topic available...

Piggyback toric IOLs in complex cases

This study evaluates the outcome of toric sulcus fixated lenses (MS 614/714 TPB (Human Optics, Germany) in 21 eyes with high astigmatism. The cases included previous penetrating keratoplasty (n=15), post cataract surgery astigmatism (n=3), rotation of in-the-bag toric IOL (n=1),...

White dot syndromes

It is fair to say that trainees and consultants who are not medical retina specialists are a bit scared of the so called retinal ‘white dot syndromes’. It is easy to understand why this is the case, as almost every...