Effects of idiopathic intracranial hypertension on the optic nerves

The authors review the latest evidence regarding how the optic nerves are affected by idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), possible pathophysiology and methods of assessment. IIH is described as a clinical syndrome of raised intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. A systematic...

A case study of posterior globe flattening in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The authors present a single case of posterior globe flattening without papilloedema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The case was a 64-year-old woman with a one-year history of transient visual loss in her left eye only. Visual acuity was 20/20 in...

Cystoid macular oedema following cataract surgery

This review covers the history, incidence, diagnosis, risk factors, pathophysiology and medical management of postoperative macular oedema (PCMO), with a particular emphasis on key contemporary studies and novel observations. The authors revisit the incidence of well-established risk factors including intraoperative...

A case report showing the natural history of papilloedema

The case report describes a 54-year-old woman who developed increased intracranial hypertension due to chronic dural venous sinus thrombosis in the absence of any significant comorbidity. In the years preceding diagnosis, the patient underwent routine diabetic retinopathy screening; however, gradual...

Reduction of postoperative bruising and swelling

This is a review of 27 patients undergoing periocular surgery who postoperatively applied hydrogel pads impregnated with Arnica montana and Ledum palustre (Ocumend, Cearna inc., Chicago). The pads were used continuously for the first two postoperative days, changing them every...

Advanced vestibular Schwannoma case report

Vestibular Schwannoma is a benign, slow growing tumour which usually presents with unilateral hearing loss. It causes symptoms and findings on ophthalmic examination when the diagnosis is delayed. Ophthalmic findings may be related to the effect of the expanding mass...

Intravitreal bevacizumab vs. triamcinolone in patients with DMO at the time of cataract surgery

This prospective, single masked randomised control trial (RCT) compared visual and anatomical outcomes when either intravitreal bevacizumab (BVB) or triamcinolone (TA) was administered at the time of cataract surgery and at subsequent review, if required, in patients with diabetic macula...

Differential diagnosis in cases of suspected neuroretinitis

Neuroretinitis is a form of optic neuropathy typically characterised by acute unilateral visual loss with optic disc oedema and macular exudates arranged in a star figure around the fovea (complete or partial star). The purpose of this study was to...

A case report of papilloedema caused by unilateral jugular vein thrombosis

In rare cases, unilateral jugular vein thrombosis can lead to increased intracranial pressure and papilloedema, resulting in headaches and visual loss. The authors describe the case of a 45-year-old patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx who developed right...

The rarebit vision test for macular conditions

Rarebit testing is used to measure low degrees of neuro-visual damage and is available for free on the internet. It consists of a fixed bright light dot presented on a black background. During testing it is presented briefly at different...

Neuro-ophthalmological symptoms in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

The authors of this article have evaluated the neuro-ophthalmological symptoms of 49 patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. They have evaluated the onset of the disease as well as the symptoms reported. The authors present extensive clinical information for individual...

Case reports of neuro-ophthalmological complications of CIPD

The authors present three cases of neuro-ophthalmological complications of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIPD). CIPD can lead to prominent nerve hypertrophy which can mimic other forms of neuropathy radiologically. In addition, complications can occur which can cause diagnostic difficulties. All...