Risk factors and prognosis of paediatric open globe injuries

This retrospective, comparative, interventional case-control study was aimed to investigate possible risk factors and prognosis of initial no light perception (NLP) in paediatric open globe injuries (POGI). A total of 851 cases were reviewed, including 837 unilateral cases and 14...

OCTA in geographic atrophy

In this article the authors aim to give an overview of the current literature concerning the application of OCT-A in geographic atrophy (GA). GA is a disease characterised by loss of outer retinal layers including photoreceptors, degeneration of the retinal...

Changes in drusen and retinal layer volumes prior to CNV development

This retrospective longitudinal study looked at patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in one eye who subsequently developed wet AMD in the fellow eye. The aim was to discover whether drusen characteristics or volumes of retinal layers correlate with...

Tumour deposits following choroidal melanoma treatment

The authors present the unique case of retinoinvasive melanoma following treatment of choroidal melanoma with brachytherapy. Uveal melanoma, the commonest intraocular malignancy in adults, presents as a pigmented mass in the choroid, ciliary body, or iris. A 79-year-old Caucasian male...

Effect of blue-light filtering intraocular lenses on age-related macular degeneration

This is a retrospective cohort study evaluating whether blue-light filtering (BLF) intraocular lenses (IOL) offer prophylaxis for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). The study included 11,397 eyes of 11,397 patients with a mean age of 75.4 ±8.3 years that underwent...

OCT choroidal signs for congenital retinal pigment epithelium hypertrophy

Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) on ocular coherence tomography (OCT) has the characteristic sign of RPE thickening and hyper reflectivity. However, the underlying choroid characteristics remain under researched. This retrospective study utilised data from an ophthalmic oncology...

Suspected vitreous seeding of uveal melanoma

This is a retrospective non-randomised study of 23 patients with consecutive uveal melanoma who underwent diagnostic vitrectomy between the period of January 2000 and November 2013. The reason for vitrectomy was suspected dissemination of tumour cells inside the eye. The...

Transfected RPE cells inhibit AMD in rats

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Wet AMD is characterised by choroidal neovascularisation, new vessels into the retina, leading to leakage and tissue damage. Many proangiogenic factors particularly vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...

Effect of anti-VEGF treatment on PED morphology

This retrospective study of 30 eyes assessed the effect of anti-VEGF on morphology of pigment epithelial detachments (PED) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Thirty eyes of 28 patients with PED were compared to 30 eyes of 30 patients with...

Choroidal and macular thickness in nonarteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

This study evaluates the choroidal and macular thickness in patients with chronic nonarteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION). Two groups of subjects were compared, group one included 20 eyes with chronic NA-AION and group two, 31 healthy control eyes. The...

Choroidal thickness in ocular sarcoidosis by OCT measurement

This is the first study to evaluate the choroidal thickness in patients with ocular sarcoidosis during the quiescent phase using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and comparing with normal subjects. Ocular sarcoidosis may affect the choroidal circulation (occlusive...