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Retinal prosthetics: science fiction or a vision for the future?

“Is it a fact – or have I dreamt it – that, by means of electricity, the world of matter has become a great nerve, vibrating thousands of miles in a breathless point of time?” – Nathaniel Hawthorne, The House...

Time is vision in central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a rare but devastating vascular episode that can have severe impact on vision. Treatment is very time-limited and needs to be initiated very quickly to salvage any vision. The majority of patients present to...

Is thrombolytic treatment warranted for central retinal artery occlusion?

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a subtype of acute ischaemic stroke which results in severe visual loss. Acute CRAO is equivalent to a brain acute ischaemic stroke (AIS), as the obstruction of the central retinal artery (CRA) causes end-organ...

Understanding retinal ciliopathy through Bardet-Biedl syndrome

This is a review article looking at up-to-date understanding and ongoing research in retinal ciliopathies. Syndromic ciliopathies consist of a group of disorders caused by ciliary dysfunction or abnormal ciliogenesis. These disorders have multiorgan involvement in addition to retinal degeneration...

Retinal sequelae of high voltage electric current injury

Introduction High-voltage electrical currents may result in significant ocular complications, ranging from mild cataracts to vision-threatening retinal and optic nerve problems [1]. The severity of damage depends on various factors, including intensity and type of current, duration of exposure, entry...

Strabismus outcomes after retinal detachment surgery

A retrospective study reviewed the motor outcomes of strabismus surgery in a cohort of 18 patients who had all previously undergone a scleral buckling procedure to treat retinal detachment. The mean age at strabismus surgery was 48 years (14-67) and...

Handbook of Retinal Disease: a case based approach

This book is suitable for all doctors, particularly ophthalmologists, who want to further their knowledge and understanding of retinal pathologies and keep up to date. The case-based format is effective in evoking an interactive approach to differential diagnosis. The tabulation...

Retinal Vein Occlusions: Evidence-based Management

This reference book is designed to enable an ophthalmologist to make diagnostic and treatment decisions on the basis of the available scientific evidence. This is a very comprehensive book covering all aspects of central retinal vein occlusions including basics, clinical...

Inherited retinal disorders now the leading cause of blindness

The recent paper in BMJ Open, from the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, ‘A comparison of the causes of blindness certifications in England and Wales in working age adults (16-64 years), 1999-2000 with 2009-2010’ concludes that inherited retinal disorders (IRD) such...

Retinal ischaemia on OCTA and diabetic retinopathy grade

The authors quite rightly point out that quantification of retinal ischaemia has the potential to serve as a biomarker for diabetic retinopathy disease progression. They set out to investigate the relationship between area of ischaemia on a swept source OCTA...

Handbook of Pediatric Retinal OCT and the Eye-Brain Connection

Paediatric optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of the eye remains an evolving technology to date. This handbook delves into this challenging area successfully and gives a comprehensive and detailed input into paediatric OCT pertaining to the retina and the optic...

Near-infrared autofluorescence to diagnose retinal laser injuries

This retrospective observational case series aimed to assess whether near infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AR) imaging is a useful imaging modality in the diagnosis of hand-held laser retinal injuries. Twelve patients from two centres underwent ophthalmic assessment and retinal imaging including fundus...