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Unravelling ocular motility

Ocular motility can often be a slightly abstract concept during the earlier years of ophthalmology training. A large variance on what embodies normality; mythical concepts like fusion and binocular vision, examination techniques that can be fiddly, and complex neuroanatomy all...

Ophthalmology assessment using Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy is a hierarchical list of attributes and skills that facilitates teachers to effectively teach, whilst concurrently enabling learners to effectively learn. It was first developed in 1956 by Benjamin Bloom, an educational psychologist along with a team of...

Myasthenia Gravis Masquerading as a Third Cranial Nerve Palsy

A 65-year-old man presented with a week’s history of binocular diplopia (in all directions of gaze) and a right partial ptosis. He was systemically well. His past medical history was unremarkable except for vitiligo. At presentation acuity was 6/6 bilaterally....

Third nerve palsy following cataract surgery with sub-Tenon’s anaesthesia

Figure 1: Photograph showing partial ptosis of the right eye two months after surgery (photo by R McLeod). An 83-year-old lady had routine right eye cataract surgery under uncomplicated sub-Tenon’s anaesthesia. She presented two weeks later, explaining that following the...

The results of the last survey Jun 2020

Firstly, my sincere thanks to those of you who responded to last edition’s survey. We had a record response. Laser was never my most exciting clinical treatment, but in this environment how I wish for even that degree of patient...

The eye without tears

The Art is long and Life is short. So goes the dispiriting tag in Latin and flung from day one and at regular intervals thereafter at idle medical students who, inevitably brainwashed, come by graduation to believe that the only...

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy outcomes in an Indian population

A large cohort study in an Indian population is presented, with clinical and genetic profile analysis of patients with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) treated over a five-year period. The study included 157 patients; 143 male, 14 female (10.2:1 ratio)...

Efficacy of browpexy with blepharoplasty

This is a retrospective case series evaluating the efficacy of and comparing the surgical results between internal (IB) and external browpexy (EB) surgery in lifting central and lateral brow. Patients who underwent blepharoplasty without brow lift were used as a...

AlloDerm for correction of lower lid retraction

This is a retrospective review of 95 eyes of 54 patients undergoing orbital decompression for Graves’ orbitopathy. All patients had a swinging eyelid approach across the whole of the lower lid. Thirty-six eyes also had insertion of a 0.3mm thick...

Risk factors for intraoperative floppy iris syndrome

Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) is charcterised by flaccid iris stroma leading to fluttering and billowing of iris, tendency of iris to prolapse through surgical incisions and causing intraoperative pupil constriction. IFIS is characterised as complete when all three features...

Choroidal and RNFL thickness in patients with OSAS

In obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), hypoxia secondary to repetitive apnoeic episodes leads to blood pressure variations and haemodynamic changes. There is also intermittent activation of the sympathetic system when the patient is aroused from sleep during apnoeic episodes. OSAS...

Results after 1.4mm biaxial cataract surgery and implantation of a new aspheric intraocular lens

The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical outcome and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after 1.4mm biaxial micro incision cataract surgery (B-MICS) and implantation of a new aspheric intraocular lens (IOL). A total of 157 eyes of 106 patients...