You searched for "ptosis"

149 results found

Third nerve palsy following cataract surgery with sub-Tenon’s anaesthesia

Figure 1: Photograph showing partial ptosis of the right eye two months after surgery (photo by R McLeod). An 83-year-old lady had routine right eye cataract surgery under uncomplicated sub-Tenon’s anaesthesia. She presented two weeks later, explaining that following the...

Developments in oculoplastic surgery

A study of NHS practice demonstrated significant patient-reported quality-of-life improvements from commonly performed oculoplastic operations: entropion repair, ectropion repair, ptosis repair and dacrocystorhinostomy (DCR) [1]. In recent years, surgical and non-surgical approaches to functional and aesthetic oculoplastic surgery have advanced...

Amblyopia treatment review

This review paper summarises the main causes and neural mechanisms that characterise amblyopia. The authors analysed neuroanatomical, neurophysiological and electrophysiological studies in the literature to better understand actual treatment regimens and evaluate new therapeutic possibilities. They considered causes of strabismus,...

Inferior oblique adherence syndrome

A case is reported of a 14-year-old with inferior oblique muscle adherence and fat adherence following unilateral inferior oblique (IO) anteriorisation. Following surgery, the patient developed consecutive esotropia, ptosis and marked limitation of laevoelevation. Forced duction test was positive for...

Care pathway to imaging delays for acute oculomotor nerve palsies

A retrospective chart review is presented with the aim of evaluating arterial imaging in cases of third nerve palsy. The study reviewed patients seen with a suspicion of or a final diagnosis of third nerve palsy over a seven-year eight-month...

PD-1 and retinal ganglion cell death

Death of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in conditions like glaucoma leads to permanent visual loss. RGC death can be due to the initial stress such as raised intraocular pressure or secondary to mechanism such as oxidative stress. Programmed cell death-1...

Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma treatment characteristics

The aim of this study was to review the clinical presentation, management, local and systemic outcomes of 14 orbital rhabdomyosarcoma (OR) cases with the focus on the role of surgery as treatment. The mean age at presentation was eight years...

Botulinum toxin after orbicularis myectomy

This is a retrospective review of 27 patients with benign essential blepharospasm who had become resistant to treatment with botulinum toxin and had therefore undergone orbicularis myectomy of the upper lids. The study compares the dose and frequency of botulinum...

BT for intermittent exotropia

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin (BT) on the amount of deviation and fusional control state of intermittent exotropia. Twenty-one patients (five male and 16 female) aged five to 18 years with progression of exotropia were...

IgG4 related orbital disease

This retrospective study was done to determine the prevalence of IgG4 related orbital disease (IgG4ROD) in patients who previously had biopsies for suspected idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease (IOID) and / or orbital lymphoproliferative disease (OLD). The charts and slides of...

Neurotrophic keratitis

The authors present an overview of the aetiology, diagnosis, current and future management options of neurotrophic keratitis. This is a degenerative corneal disease that occurs following the compromise of trigeminal innervation, leading to hypoesthesia and / or anaesthesia. The aetiology...

Patient-reported outcomes in oculoplastic surgery

This is an important if somewhat difficult to grasp article which tries to formally address the subject of patient-reported outcomes in oculofacial surgery. The authors have conducted an extensive review of the literature searching for instruments (questionnaires) which have been...