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3079 results found

Retinoblastoma management update (part 2): treatment, screening and surveillance, long-term follow-up and new developments

Retinoblastoma treatment requires significant multidisciplinary input, but early detection through raising awareness remains key to improving outcomes. In the second article of a two-part series, Manoj Parulekar discusses retinoblastoma management, screening and research. This article has been published in two...

A novel presentation of optic disc oedema with syphilis

Optic disc oedema (ODE) due to syphilis without visual compromise has been primarily attributed to papilloedema from raised intracranial pressure or optic perineuritis from optic nerve sheath inflammation. These terms were proposed before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was largely available....

Sexually transmitted conjunctivitis – the REALLY sticky eye

Let’s face it, patients with conjunctivitis don’t always produce the most stimulating consultations and most of the time we can manage them in auto-pilot. The prospect of delving into such a patient’s sexual history is not overly appealing, but this...

Recurrent corneal erosions secondary to isotretinoin use

Isotretinoin (13–cis-retinoic acid) is the first line treatment for moderate to severe nodulocystic or papulopustular acne [1,2]. Although it is a safe medication, it has several adverse side-effects, including ophthalmic manifestations, as shown in Table 1 [3]. These side-effects need...

MRI characteristics of NMO, MOG and MS-related ON

This review article examined differences of MRI appearances that can help clinicians assess and manage these important neuro-ophthalmic disorders. It also examined the role of optic nerve MRI as a prognostic indicator in acute optic neuritis (ON). The major findings...

Basics of Vitrectomy

This is a book set out over 14 chapters which is designed to be a handbook for beginners embarking on a career in vitreoretinal (VR) surgery or for trainee surgeons on rotation with the VR team. It starts with an...

Detailed overview of diplopia causes and outcomes for a single tertiary care centre

The purpose of this study was to study the aetiology, progression and outcome in patients with binocular diplopia presenting to the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care centre in India. The study had a prospective observational design where all patients...

Large series profiling skew deviation

A retrospective notes review was completed for patients identified as having skew deviation. The authors outline their exact definition of skew deviation within the methods of the paper. One hundred and fifty-seven patients were identified, it is not clear over...

Risk of CNV related to angioid streaks in PXE

This retrospective cross-sectional study investigated 301 patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) for prevalence of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) and macular atrophy. Some patients were excluded due to missing or poor-quality imaging or the fact that they didn’t have angioid streaks, leaving...

Investigating MOG-IgG as a cause for optic perineuritis

Optic perineuritis can be a manifestation of infectious and systemic inflammatory disorders, but in most cases is considered idiopathic. Diagnosis is established by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the demonstration of optic nerve sheath enhancement with sparing of the optic...

Oral proton pump inhibitors in macular degeneration patients

The authors report five patients with advanced wet macular degeneration and poor vision with onset or enhancement of visual hallucinations with the use of proton pump inhibitors for heartburn management. The hallucinations were reversible with discontinuation of medication. The authors...

Clinical outcomes of AMT in acute ocular chemical injury

This is a retrospective study of patients from two units in Germany and UK between 1998 and 2008. The ocular chemical burns were classified by Roper-Hall and Dua classifications. A total of 72 eyes of 54 patients aged 37.3 years...