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Disseminated cutaneous zoster – a masquerade

Reactivation of varicella zoster infection in the elderly commonly presents to ophthalmologists as herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO), affecting the Va trigeminal dermatome. In patients with impaired immunity, zoster infection occurs with increased severity and may be complicated by visceral and...

Study calls for thorough investigation of patients with early signs of retinal vascular disease

Patients with the eye condition Paracentral Acute Middle Maculopathy (PAMM) would benefit from further investigation, as their risk of heart attacks and strokes may be greater than previously shown, suggests a new study led by researchers at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.

Neovascular AMD: fresh recommendations underline standards of best practice

The management of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) has advanced dramatically over the past seven years, with the introduction of targeted new therapies that successfully maintain or improve vision in a majority of affected individuals. It’s a fast moving field,...

Pupil abnormalities after orbital surgery

This is a retrospective review of 287 patients who underwent removal of an orbital cavernous haemangioma (cavernous venous malformation), to ascertain the incidence of surgically induced pupillary abnormalities. Forty-four patients had lesions removed from the anterior or extraconal orbit, none...

Oct/Nov 2015 Quiz

History A 16-year-old female presents with bilateral ocular irritation. The patient has a history of seasonal rhinitis and eczema and complains of itchy eyes, especially during the summer months. Examination shows bilateral mucoid discharge, conjunctival injection and eversion of both...

Toxoplasmosis and the associated retinochoroiditis: important facts and when to treat

Annie SeeWah Tung provides an overview of toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis, including guidance on which cases should be treated and the treatment options. Toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis is an infectious condition that is characterised by retinochoroidal lesions commonly in the posterior pole and is...

What not to miss in neuro-ophthalmology Part 1

Neuro-ophthalmology is a complex and difficult subspecialty in ophthalmology. It has several connections to neurology, neuro-surgery, rheumatology as well as many other medical specialties. Working in an multidisciplinary team (MDT) environment is key to success in this subspecialty as mistakes...

What's trending Apr/May 2023

A round-up of the eye-related hot topics that have been trending on social media over the last few weeks. #Cyborgeye #flashlighteye #prostheticeye #BrianStanleyeye Brian Stanley is a California-based engineer, who lost his eye to retinoblastoma when he was six-years-old. A...

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus: a clinician’s perspective

Introduction Herpes zoster, commonly known as shingles, is caused by the reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV). The term herpes is derived from a Greek work, herpein, which means ‘creeping’ and the word zoster means a belt or a girdle...

Unravelling ocular motility

Ocular motility can often be a slightly abstract concept during the earlier years of ophthalmology training. A large variance on what embodies normality; mythical concepts like fusion and binocular vision, examination techniques that can be fiddly, and complex neuroanatomy all...

Aug/Sep 2018 Quiz

History A seven-year-old girl presented with a presumed papillomatous lesion on right inferior fornix (Figure 1). Her parents said the lesion was increasing in size for two weeks. CT scans (Figure 2) revealed a lesion occupying the right medial canthus....

Fusion amplitude with Bagolini glasses

The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference between the horizontal prism fusion amplitude measured with and without the Bagolini striated glasses (BSG) in 52 young adults. Subjects had a mean age of 21.06 years,...