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1237 results found

Test combination which could detect prodromal Alzheimer disease

The authors prospectively recruited a convenience sample of individuals aged over 65 and either with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer disease or normal cognition. Other types of dementia and severe neurological conditions were excluded. All...

Risk of developing pseudotumor cerebri in women using a levonorgesteral intrauterine device

Pseudotumor cerebri (PCT) is a disorder causing increased intracranial pressure without a mass lesion, usually seen in obese women of childbearing age. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an idiopathic form of the disorder, but several medications have been associated with the...

Silent keratitis in failed graft

This study examined rates of asymptomatic keratitis in failed full thickness corneal grafts, which were not picked up clinically preoperatively. During a five year period 53 penetrating keratoplasties (PK) were performed for long-standing graft decompensation with stromal opacity and /...

Systematic review on vergence neural pathways

A full systematic review of the literature was carried out by the authors, to identify literature available on vergence neural pathways and associated disorders. The review included articles related to vergence neural pathways, along with articles that discussed the anatomy,...

Bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia

Bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) has been linked with various pathological conditions of the central nervous system such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, tumours and brainstem inflammatory processes. This unusual case report describes a case of a 45-year-old female patient presenting with...

An unusual case of partial oculomotor nerve palsy

The authors present an unusual case of intra-axial oculomotor nerve involvement due to midbrain infarction. The 65-year-old male patient presented with unilateral complete blepharoptosis and slight limitation of upgaze. Neurological examination revealed a complete ptosis of the left eyelid, slight...

Imiquimod for lentigo maligna

This is a retrospective review of 12 patients with periocular lentigo maligna treated with topical 5% imiquimod cream. In six patients it was the only treatment, and in the other six it was used following partial excision, cryotherapy or both....

Outcomes of Hughes flap in lower eyelid reconstruction

One hundred and 22 consecutive patients who underwent tarsoconjunctival advancement flap surgery for lower eyelid defects were part of this study. Ninety percent of them had lesion excision using Mohs micrographic surgery. Eighty percent of these were for basal cell...

Conjunctival melanoma involving the lacrimal drainage system

A total of 52 patients were diagnosed with conjunctival melanoma over a period of 17 years, 17 of whom required orbital exenteration. Five of these were found to have melanoma involving the lacrimal drainage apparatus (LDA). One was evident clinically...

A case report of Horner syndrome with neuromyelitis optica

This case report details a patient diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) with an associated left Horner syndrome. The female patient presented with neck pain and right hemibody decreased pain and temperature sensation. She then went on to develop left ptosis...

Identification and diagnosis of thalamic haemorrhage

This paper presents a case of thalamic haemorrhage and discusses clinical findings, providing valuable insight into signs clinicians need to look for. The case presented is of a 76-year-old female who developed left hemiplegia and hemi anaesthesia. Ocular motility testing...

A case report of cavernous sinus syndrome following dental procedure

This case report describes a patient presenting with painful diplopia as a consequence of root canal dental treatment. Following root canal treatment a non-resolving tooth pain led to a decision to extract the tooth, leading to onset of severe periorbital...