You searched for "epithelium"

287 results found

DALK as an early therapeutic option for Acanthamoeba keratitis

Eleven patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) were treated by early therapeutic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). All surgeries were performed in patients who had no response to standard medical therapy of chlorhexidine gluconate, propamidine isethionate and neomycin sulphate, within 10-15...

Nicotine accelerates diabetes induced retinal changes

This study investigated the influence of nicotine in an experimentally induced diabetic rat model. They used non-invasive high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging to provide quantitative information on the temporal alterations of retinal structures at the micrometer resolution...

Role of fundus autofluorescence patterns and baseline atrophy area on geographic atrophy progression

Central geographic atrophy (GA) is one of the morphological sub types of late-stage macular degeneration. The natural course of the disease is characterised by expanding areas of macular atrophy, which cause absolute scotoma. Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) is derived from lipofuscin...

Reduced blood flow and age-related macular degeneration

This was a prospective cross-sectional study assessing changes in blood flow velocity in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using a retinal function imager. Sixty eyes with wet AMD were compared to 53 control eyes and the average blood flow...

Microperimetry of subretinal drusenoid deposits

Subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDD), originally termed ‘reticular pseudo-drusen’, have recently been identified by histology and optical coherence tomography (OCT) as aggregations located in the subretinal rather than the sub retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) space. These deposits affect the amount of...

HtrA1 enhances cell senescence

A genetic basis for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has been greatly advanced in recent years. The role of identified pathways such as complement factor H in AMD has been widely investigated. However, the effect of other gene variants identified by...

Macular pigment and dark adaptation in older population with normal maculas

Macular pigment (MP) such as lutein, zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin are highly concentrated in the fovea. They protect the retina from damage of ambient blue light via antioxidant properties. In older eyes with normal healthy retina, macular pigment optical density (MPOD)...

Laser pointer maculopathy

The objective of this study was to describe the potential clinical presentations of retinal pathology resulting from exposure to laser pointers. The study included eight eyes of seven patients. Mean age was 18.7 years (12-36). Most were accidental self-inflicted while...

Customised corneal crosslinking with supplemental oxygen

In this prospective interventional case series, the authors investigate using supplemental oxygen delivery during epithelium-on corneal crosslinking (CXL) with specially designed oxygen delivery goggles. Twenty-seven eyes of 24 patients underwent epi-on CXL with Riboflavin and Ultraviolet-A irradiation. At six months...

Traumatic ‘toy’ gun injury leading to permanent vision loss

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a progressive, inherited disorder of connective tissue that affects the skin, cardiovascular system and retina. Ocular manifestations of the disease are related to Bruch’s membrane, a thin elastic tissue layer located between the retinal pigment epithelium...

Aug/Sep 2016 Quiz

History A 45-year-old female patient presented with left upper eyelid swelling present for six months. There was mild pain and a sense of fullness over the left eye. Examination revealed a palpable firm mass over the lacrimal gland area without...

Preoperative RPE alterations in macular holes

This retrospective interventional case series from Japan assessed whether preoperative alterations of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) in idiopathic macular holes correlated with postoperative functional and morphological changes in the macula. Fifty-nine eyes had preoperative Spectralis OCT using the ‘detailed’...