You searched for "epithelium"

289 results found

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) associated cystoid macular oedema (CMO)

This is a review article from two units in the UK and Australia, highlighting the supporting evidence of possible pathogenesis and treatment modalities of CMO in RP. The authors proposed that the likely mechanisms for RP-CMO involved the breakdown of...

DALK as an early therapeutic option for Acanthamoeba keratitis

Eleven patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) were treated by early therapeutic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). All surgeries were performed in patients who had no response to standard medical therapy of chlorhexidine gluconate, propamidine isethionate and neomycin sulphate, within 10-15...

Nicotine accelerates diabetes induced retinal changes

This study investigated the influence of nicotine in an experimentally induced diabetic rat model. They used non-invasive high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging to provide quantitative information on the temporal alterations of retinal structures at the micrometer resolution...

Role of fundus autofluorescence patterns and baseline atrophy area on geographic atrophy progression

Central geographic atrophy (GA) is one of the morphological sub types of late-stage macular degeneration. The natural course of the disease is characterised by expanding areas of macular atrophy, which cause absolute scotoma. Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) is derived from lipofuscin...

Reduced blood flow and age-related macular degeneration

This was a prospective cross-sectional study assessing changes in blood flow velocity in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using a retinal function imager. Sixty eyes with wet AMD were compared to 53 control eyes and the average blood flow...

Microperimetry of subretinal drusenoid deposits

Subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDD), originally termed ‘reticular pseudo-drusen’, have recently been identified by histology and optical coherence tomography (OCT) as aggregations located in the subretinal rather than the sub retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) space. These deposits affect the amount of...

HtrA1 enhances cell senescence

A genetic basis for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has been greatly advanced in recent years. The role of identified pathways such as complement factor H in AMD has been widely investigated. However, the effect of other gene variants identified by...

Macular pigment and dark adaptation in older population with normal maculas

Macular pigment (MP) such as lutein, zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin are highly concentrated in the fovea. They protect the retina from damage of ambient blue light via antioxidant properties. In older eyes with normal healthy retina, macular pigment optical density (MPOD)...

Customised corneal crosslinking with supplemental oxygen

In this prospective interventional case series, the authors investigate using supplemental oxygen delivery during epithelium-on corneal crosslinking (CXL) with specially designed oxygen delivery goggles. Twenty-seven eyes of 24 patients underwent epi-on CXL with Riboflavin and Ultraviolet-A irradiation. At six months...

Laser pointer maculopathy

The objective of this study was to describe the potential clinical presentations of retinal pathology resulting from exposure to laser pointers. The study included eight eyes of seven patients. Mean age was 18.7 years (12-36). Most were accidental self-inflicted while...

Traumatic ‘toy’ gun injury leading to permanent vision loss

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a progressive, inherited disorder of connective tissue that affects the skin, cardiovascular system and retina. Ocular manifestations of the disease are related to Bruch’s membrane, a thin elastic tissue layer located between the retinal pigment epithelium...

A new observation point: updating the nomenclature and classification with OCT

The evolution of ophthalmic imaging technologies has been particularly rapid over the last few years. The author provides an update of the current terms for common signs and pathologies observed using optical coherence tomography. My experience as an ophthalmic technician,...