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287 results found

A new observation point: updating the nomenclature and classification with OCT

The evolution of ophthalmic imaging technologies has been particularly rapid over the last few years. The author provides an update of the current terms for common signs and pathologies observed using optical coherence tomography. My experience as an ophthalmic technician,...

Effect of minor trauma in eyes with previously undiagnosed angioid streaks

Angioid streaks (AS) may be associated with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), Paget’s disease, haemoglobulinopathies, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome or abetalipoproteinaemia. Histopathology showed retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choriocapillaris loss, elastic fibre degeneration, calcium deposition, active choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) and vascular endothelial growth...

On becoming a man

It was at the height of the gender debate, with Donald Trump banning transsexuals from serving in the US army and parts of the first world indulging in controversies on whether separate transgender toilets are needed, that a 40-year-old lady,...

Vitreomacular traction and full thickness macular hole

Clinical scenario: A 64-year-old lady presented to the clinic with a few weeks history of sudden onset of metamorphopsia, central blur and reduced vision in her right eye. The ocular examination and ocular coherence tomography confirmed right eye focal vitreomacular...

Subthreshold micropulse laser treatment in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy

This retrospective study was conducted to assess the treatment of 38 patients of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy with a 577-nm subthreshold micropulse laser (SML) Supra Scan Quantel Medical. Eighteen patients of these had persistent subretinal fluid (SRF) after photodynamic therapy....

Aflibercept treatment in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

The authors present a study to evaluate the anatomical and functional efficacy of aflibercept intravitreal (IVT) as a monotherapy in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a Caucasian population treated with initial three-monthly aflibercept IVT, followed by a bimonthly regimen for...

Optical Coherence Tomography: A Clinical and Technical Update

This book is a comprehensive review of the clinical and scientific aspects of optical coherence tomography (OCT). The 255 pages are divided into 11 chapters, each written by a different group of authors. Part I provides viewpoints on the clinical...

OCTA in geographic atrophy

In this article the authors aim to give an overview of the current literature concerning the application of OCT-A in geographic atrophy (GA). GA is a disease characterised by loss of outer retinal layers including photoreceptors, degeneration of the retinal...

What about the children? Cornea cross-linking for children with keratoconus

Keratoconus can behave more aggressively in paediatric than in adult patients. Collagen cross-linking has been shown to slow the progression of keratoconus in adults. This systematic review determined the effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in children. For this study,...

Clinical relevance of the anatomic classification of neovascular age-related macular degeneration

The author explains why an OCT-based classification of neovascular AMD is needed and how these neovascular subtypes may help to predict patients’ long-term visual outcome. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative process involving the macula in...

Aug/Sep 2017 Quiz

History A seven-year-old atopic boy has been treated for phlyctenulosis with mild topical steroids. However, he developed dramatic changes at the right limbus in two weeks. He also had past history of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) with poor compliance to treatment....

Aug/Sep 2015 Quiz 1

History A 60-year-old woman was referred to ophthalmology with a suspected left eye choroidal naevus. Visual acuity was unaffected in both eyes and she was asymptomatic. Ocular history and medical history were unremarkable. Questions Figure 1: Fundus photograph. 1. What...