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VISION 2020 LINKS: Retinoblastoma 
in Africa

The VISION 2020 LINKS Programme is part of the ‘VISION 2020: The Right to Sight’ global initiative to eliminate avoidable blindness [1]. The LINKS Programme works with overseas eye departments to help identify priorities and match their priority needs with...

Apr/May 2015 Quiz

History A 60-year-old man presented to the ophthalmologists with painful blurred left vision. Examination revealed a white vascular mass, occupying 60% of the anterior chamber space, arising from the iris. After conservative therapy, no useful vision remained. The eye was...

IAC vs. IVC chemotherapy for RB

This a single centre retrospective review of consecutive patients between 1997 and 2014, of all sporadic unilateral retinoblastoma (RB) group D cases, treated with combined intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) and focal treatments (1997- 2008), or intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) treatment (2008 to...

Intensive diabetes therapy and ocular surgery in type 1 diabetes

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) ran between 1983 and 1993 and showed that intensive glycaemic control was beneficial in reducing diabetic retinopathy in type 1 patients. There was a 76% reduction in onset of retinopathy and a 52%...

Germline mutation risk in solitary unilateral retinoblastoma

This study aimed to determine the true risk for germline mutation in a child presenting with solitary unilateral RB and whether this risk differs by age at presentation. This was a retrospective review of 482 cases from 1972-2020. Age groups...

Dec/Jan 2016 Quiz

History A 40-year-old swimming instructor undergoes an enucleation for a blind painful eye. There is a history of soft contact lens wear. She has had a corneal abscess and corneal graft procedures in the past. Questions 1. What does this...

DIY IOP – does it work?

Measuring intraocular pressure (IOP) plays a major role in glaucoma care as IOP is a parameter, along with visual field progression and optic disc cupping used to assess treatment effect. While Goldmann tonometry (GAT) is the gold standard, it only...

Aug/Sep 2015 Quiz 2

History A two-year-old female child presented with loss of vision in her left eye. Examination showed leukocoria and intraocular calcification was identified on scanning. The suspected diagnosis was intraocular retinoblastoma and the child underwent an enucleation. The eyeball was submitted...

Retinoblastoma management update (part 1): clinical features, diagnosis and genetics

The first of a two part series, this article will discuss the clinical features, diagnosis and genetic aspects of retinoblastoma. Manoj Parulekar is based at Birmingham Children’s Hospital, one of the two designated national retinoblastoma and paediatric ocular oncology treatment...

Practice patterns of uveal melanoma management with Iodine-125 brachytherapy

With the 2006 Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group (COMS) study demonstrating no difference in survival outcomes for participants randomised to either iodine-125 brachytherapy or enucleation, the majority of primary uveal melanomas in the United States are now treated with brachytherapy....

Global health and conflict: the unseen consequences

Global eye health inequalities stem from poor access to affordable care, causing preventative vision impairment and blindness. In 2020, a study showed that 510 million people, the majority being in low-income and middle-income countries, had uncorrected near vision impairment simply...

Development of retinoblastoma services in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe recognised the need for a paediatric ophthalmology service almost 20 years ago. The economic uncertainty in the country made it difficult to secure financial support, so initial funding came through local donors. Equipment – including vision charts, ophthalmoscopes and...