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Randomisation, confounding & observational methods in ophthalmic epidemiology

Randomisation and confounding Understanding the relationship between an exposure and an outcome of interest is the central challenge in ophthalmic epidemiology. The exposure may be aetiological, taking the form of a putative risk biological factor, or therapeutic, in the form...

Cementing a VISION 2020 LINK partnership between Blantyre and Liverpool – building capacity for DR services alongside research

Malawi is a small land-locked country in eastern Africa with a growing population of over 17 million people. About 45% of the population is aged 14 or under; only 5% are aged 60 or over. The gross national income per...

EKF Quo-Test® supports improved medical management of diabetic retinopathy patients

EKF Diagnostics’ Quo-Test® HbA1c analyser is successfully supporting improved medical management of patients with sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (STDR). The effectiveness of...

The Diabetic Eye Screening Programme in Tanzania - The VISION 2020 LINK between Dodoma and Belfast

Rahila Bashir, Senior Remote Ophthalmic Research Image Grader, talks to Frank Sandi, Ophthalmologist at the Benjamin Mkapa Hospital (BMH), University of Dodoma in Tanzania and to Tunde Peto at Queen’s University Belfast (QUB) and Belfast Health and Social Care Trust...

VISION 2020 LINKS Programme: Reviewing the first ten years and announcing the new diabetic retinopathy initiative

The VISION 2020 LINKS Programme celebrates its 10th anniversary next month. Over the past decade it has achieved its objective of building capacity for eye care in developing countries, particularly in Africa, by establishing long-term training partnerships between institutions, known...

Is myopia protective against progression of diabetic retinopathy?

This population-based cohort study assessed the association of refractive error with the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR); 1562 eyes of 860 patients with diabetes and gradable retinal photographs were included. Baseline data was taken between 2004-2009 and follow-up...

Automated grading of diabetic retinopathy: is it possible?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a frequent microvascular complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness worldwide. However, much of this diabetic blindness can be delayed or even prevented with timely diagnosis and proper treatment. For this reason, regular screening...

Retinal ischaemia on OCTA and diabetic retinopathy grade

The authors quite rightly point out that quantification of retinal ischaemia has the potential to serve as a biomarker for diabetic retinopathy disease progression. They set out to investigate the relationship between area of ischaemia on a swept source OCTA...

Treatment of diabetic macular oedema

Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication associated with diabetic retinopathy, and the most common cause of visual impairment in diabetes [1]. With predicted rising levels of diabetes (in England by 2025 the estimated population with diabetes will be...

Diabetic retinopathy screening in Belize: a country’s journey towards reducing blindness from DR

The rise of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications is a public health concern in the Caribbean. The Caribbean Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) Programme, managed by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and funded by the Queen Elizabeth...

Control of diabetic retinopathy after bariatric surgery

This systemic review and meta-analysis assessed prevalence of diabetic retinopathy including sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy after surgery. They included 14 studies with 110,300 surgical patients and 252,289 control subjects. They proposed that the risk of having any form of diabetic retinopathy...

ESASO Course Series (Volume 2): Surgical Retina

This book comprises details of symposia / seminars on surgical aspects of retina presented by renowned authorities in ophthalmology from all over the world during ESASOS (European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology) academic activities, which are mentioned in a...