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It’s not always GCA

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an immune mediated granulomatous inflammatory disease that affects muscular middle or large sized arteries. It is considered as a continuation of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) when the severity of the disease has increased. It is the...

Ocular electrophysiology

A 34-year-old woman, who is a CEO in a multinational firm, has been losing vision over the last 12 months. She has seen her opticians, who initially tried different glasses but could not improve things. Clinical examination is unremarkable. How...

Upper eyelid ulceration as a presenting sign of frontal sinus mucocele

Introduction A sinus mucocele is an epithelium-lined sac filled with mucus and desquamated epithelium. It forms secondary to inflammatory processes that occur in a sinus with an obstructed ostium. Predisposing conditions include previous trauma, surgery, tumours, anatomical abnormalities, and chronic...

Ocular surface in donor eyes after CLAU

This retrospective study examined ocular surface stability of donor eyes following conjunctival limbal autografts (CLAU). Forty-five eyes underwent CLAU with chemical burns being the most common indication. All but two eyes had just over 4 o’clock hours of CLAU segment...

Blinking blepharitis has a lot to answer for…

Never ignore the small things’…someone once said. There is no doubt blepharitis is one of the most common eye conditions encountered daily, but with the typical pressures of a busy outpatient department, the management of more obvious, sight-threatening conditions necessarily...

Dec/Jan Quiz 2014

History A 25-year-old West African male presents with oral candidiasis, generalised lymphadenopathy and a red nodule in the left upper eyelid. This is biopsied. See histology images. Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Questions 1. Describe Figure 1 (haematoxylin and...

Feb/Mar 2017 Quiz

History A 40-year-old male patient presented with a right lower eyelid swelling with gradual enlargement for two months. On examination there was a large lesion apparently involving lid margin, part of palpebral conjunctiva and skin. No other local or systemic...

Long-term outcome of scleral-sutured posterior chamber intraocular lens

This is a retrospective review of 392 consecutive cases in 349 patients who had scleral-sutured intraocular lens (IOL) due to aphakia, subluxated or luxated IOL, over a 10-year period in one centre from Barcelona. Preop and postop data were collected...

Friendly felines and a spot diagnosis

A nine-year-old girl presented to me in eye casualty with a three-week history of blurred vision in her left eye. Otherwise she was apparently well, with no past ophthalmic, medical, drug or relevant family history. Visual acuity was 6/4 right...

The International Congress of Ophthalmology (ICO): a history

Readers of Eye News will notice in the Events section that the World Congress of Ophthalmology (WOC) is scheduled to take place in Barcelona in June 2018. This is in fact the renamed International Congress of Ophthalmology (ICO) and now...

Good News from Switzerland: A History of Retinal Reattachment Surgery

In one concise volume the reader learns of the recent rapid evolution in vitreoretinal (VR) surgery. The pioneering innovators were often remarkable personalities and this book helps to bring them to life. Prior to 1929 victims of retinal detachment were...

Brain tumours in adults: the essentials for an ophthalmologist

The author provides a review of the common intracranial tumours in adults (other than pituitaries) which may present to an ophthalmologist. Primary malignant brain tumours comprise 3% of adult cancers but with an ageing population such tumours are becoming more...