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Surgery for acquired distance esotropia

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of this surgical approach in the treatment of divergence insufficiency esotropia. This was a retrospective review of 18 patients aged on average 49.6 years; 77% were female. Preoperatively the distance...

Ophthalmology elective: a local experience

Dr Rajan Sondh talks about medical electives and how he believes they are an opportunity to explore career interests, giving undergraduates an opportunity to develop skills in areas that they wouldn’t normally encounter on placements. Typically, electives are taken abroad,...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): what happens to eye movements?

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder of upper motor neurons of the corticospinal tract and lower motor neurons in brainstem nuclei and the anterior horn of the spinal cord. Limited literature is available on abnormal ocular movements in...

Virtual reality for the ophthalmic trainee

If you believe the tech blogs 2015 is the year of virtual reality. Industry experts believe this will be due to the potential commercial release of the poster boy of this new revolution, the Oculus Rift. This is a headset...

Success rates of primary and revision transcanalicular DCR surgery

Transcanalicular laser DCR is a relatively rare procedure compared to more conventional external or endo-nasal techniques. In this article the authors examine the outcomes of revision surgery following failed transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (TCDL DCR), comparing a conventional external revision...

Anatomical Three-dimensional Orbital ModelS (ATOMS) in Ophthalmology Education

Our educational aim is to provide a simple blended learning solution to ophthalmology trainees centered around Anatomical Three-dimensional Orbital ModelS (ATOMS) to help teach orbital anatomy and make it simple to learn.

Adolescent optic disc haemorrhages

The authors conducted this study to describe the clinical characteristics of multi-layered optic disc haemorrhages in adolescents. This was a retrospective review of 16 eyes (11 right and five left) of 16 patients with a mean age of 15 ±2.6...

Outcomes of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK)

This was a retrospective non-comparative, interventional case series of 50 eyes in 50 patients with symptomatic PBK who underwent CXL (epithelium-off). Central corneal thickness (CCT), pain score, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and corneal transparency were recorded at baseline; at...

Inverted papilloma

This is a retrospective review of 22 patients with inverted papilloma, including nine cases confined to the nasolacrimal system and 13 involving into the orbit. This is a rare disease and the report is the largest published series of periocular...

ICG TTT for retinoblastoma

Transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) is a specific form of ocular TT using infrared radiation (diode laser). Indocyanine green (ICG) is also used to achieve the optimal phototherapy effect in eyes with minimal pigment. Twenty-one patients with 42 retinoblastomas in 30 eyes...

Diabetes macular oedema in pregnancy self-resolving postpartum

*Equally contributing co-first authors. Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common clinical presentation to ophthalmology clinics. Ample evidence exists for management of DMO in non-pregnant patients. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the optimal management of DMO in...

Influence of FLEx and SMILE on corneal nerve density and ocular surface

This was a prospective study designed to compare the influence of femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) on the corneal nerve density and ocular surface for myopic correction. Thirty patients underwent bilateral lenticule extraction. One eye...