Assessing failure of laser coagulation treatment for type 1 retinopathy of prematurity

The authors present the findings of a retrospective study to examine the cause of treatment failures in type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). They reviewed the medical charts of all infants with persistent disease post laser treatment at Uppsala University...

Efficacy of IVC injection in the treatment of ROP

This is a retrospective consecutive case series of patients who received intravitreal conbercept (IVC) as a primary treatment from June 2015 to July 2016 for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Forty-eight eyes of 24 patients were included in the...

PRN Ranibizumab verses continuous aflibercept in UK clinical practice

This was a multicentre (21 UK hospitals), national EMR study on treatment naïve nAMD eyes, undergoing predominantly as needed (PRN) Ranibizumab or continuous (fixed or treat and extend - (F/TE)) Aflibercept (Af). The primary outcome was change in vision at...

MicroRNA inhibits corneal neovascularisation

MicroRNAs (miR) are small non-coding RNA that target mRNA for destruction. MiR target about 30% of the protein coding genes and fine tune their expression. MiR have been shown to be involved in several cellular processes including cell cycle, tissue...

Management of diabetic macular oedema (DMO)

The authors present guidelines on current diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the management of DMO. Fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are recommended before starting treatment to help diagnose and stage DMO, and can be repeated if there...

High dose (2.5mg) bevacizumab for postradiation cystoid macular oedema

The authors present a retrospective, interventional case series investigating the efficacy of high dose (2.5mg/0.1ml) intravitreal bevacizumab in the treatment of persistent postradiation (Iodine-125 plaque brachytherapy for uveal melanoma) cystoid macular oedema (CME). Persistent CME was defined as increased or...

Effect of anti-VEGF treatment on PED morphology

This retrospective study of 30 eyes assessed the effect of anti-VEGF on morphology of pigment epithelial detachments (PED) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Thirty eyes of 28 patients with PED were compared to 30 eyes of 30 patients with...

RaScaL Study

The RaScaL study was a six month, single-centre, controlled, prospective phase I/II study in which subjects with diabetic macular oedema (DME) and associated peripheral nonperfusion on ultrawide-field fluorescein angiography (UWFA) were randomised to: (1) study arm: ranibizumab (0.5 mg) injection...

Intravitreal injection related endophthalmitis

This article reviews the incidence, clinical findings, risk factors, management and visual outcomes in intravitreal injection related endophthalmitis. Incidence of this complication is reported to be in the range of 0.038% to 0.065% (1 in 2000-3000 injections). Patients present typically...

New mouse model of diabetes mellitus

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious complication of diabetes. It is driven by the loss of pericytes, cells which control vascular function, due to excess formation of sugar alcohols by the enzyme aldose reductase (AR). AR has been shown to...