Imaging findings for macular dysplasia in nystagmus

This paper reports the retrospective analysis of congenital macular dysplasia in patients with albinism, macular heterotopias, congenital aniridia, foveal hypoplasia, congenital macular coloboma and congenital retinoschisis. The study included 29 eyes of 17 patients. The authors report SD-OCT aids diagnosis...

Rebound phenomenon after IVT triamcinolone acetonide for macular oedema

In this retrospective study, the authors report the rebound phenomenon after intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection for macular oedema secondary to diabetic retinopathy (DR) and central (CRVO) or branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). The incidence of a rebound phenomenon was...

Retinal vascular occlusion from gentamicin injection post-vitrectomy

The authors present two case reports for the rare, but serious, complication of retinal vascular occlusion as a presumed result of subconjunctival injection following 25-gauge vitrectomy. Risk factors for the complication include: cardiovascular disease, retrobulbar anaesthesia, high intraocular pressure (IOP)...

Retinoschisis

In this retrospective study the authors evaluate the effect of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for lamellar macular hole (LMH) with or without macular retinoschisis in highly myopic eyes. Twenty-one highly myopic patients (22 eyes)...

Radiation maculopathy

This is a retrospective non-randomised study of 13 consecutive eyes of 13 patients affected by radiation maculopathy secondary to eye irradiation for primary uveal melanoma (Iodine-125 brachytherapy). All patients were treated with a single intravitreal 0.7mg dexamethasone implant and full...

Macular pigment and dark adaptation in older population with normal maculas

Macular pigment (MP) such as lutein, zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin are highly concentrated in the fovea. They protect the retina from damage of ambient blue light via antioxidant properties. In older eyes with normal healthy retina, macular pigment optical density (MPOD)...

Effectiveness and Safety of Dexamethasone implants for post surgical macular oedema including Irvine-gass syndrome

This is a retrospective, multicentre, uncontrolled, consecutive case series from Lyon, France between April 20111 to June 2014, with minimum of one year follow-up. The clinical features including the best corrected acuity (BCVA), central subfield macular thickness (CSMT) and intraocular...

Conversion factors for fovea on / off detachments

This is a retrospective study of medical records in a single unit over a 14 year period from January 2001 – December 2014, of patients who converted from fovea-on to fovea-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Ten cases were identified while...

Steroid implants in the treatment of post-epiretinal membrane peel macular oedema

This is a retrospective review of 39 eyes of 37 patients treated with Ozurdex® (intravitreal dexamethasone implant) for persistent post-operative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following vitrectomy and idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling. The 0.7mg implant was injected in each eye...

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) associated cystoid macular oedema (CMO)

This is a review article from two units in the UK and Australia, highlighting the supporting evidence of possible pathogenesis and treatment modalities of CMO in RP. The authors proposed that the likely mechanisms for RP-CMO involved the breakdown of...

Vitrectomy after ocriplasmin for VVMT adhesion of MH study

This is a multicentre retrospective study of 51 eyes that received intravitreal ocriplasmin between January 2013 to January 2014 for symptomatic vitreomacular (VMT) +/- macular hole (MH), and then went on to PPV for persistent pathology, comparing a control group...

Using OCT to screen and monitor Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative illness characterised by progressive decline in cognitive function. AD is the main cause of dementia worldwide. Over recent years researchers have strived to find biomarkers to diagnose AD, particularly in the early stages of...

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