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Meibomian gland dropout in patients with dry eyes

In this prospective study 264 patients with symptoms of dry eye were examined with a non-contact meibography system to assess the morphological changes in their meibomian glands. These patients were not previously diagnosed with meibomian gland dysfunction and patients with...

Vital dyes in ophthalmology

This comprehensive review gives an excellent summary of the uses and properties of the different dyes available to aid better visualisation and diagnoses in ophthalmology. The authors clearly display the pharmacological properties, molecular details, osmolarity and indications in clinical ophthalmology...

The Lacrimal System Diagnosis, Management and Surgery (Second Edition)

The lacrimal drainage apparatus is an intricate conduit, the function of which depends on a complex interplay of its morphology and physiology. This book enhances our understanding of the disorders of the nasolacrimal system, their diagnosis, management and the surgical...

Successful laceration repair with the Mini Monoka stent

The aim of this study was to evaluate demographic data, clinical profile and factors responsible for success of anatomical and functional outcome of canalicular laceration repair with the Mini Monoka stent in children younger than 10 years. This was a...

Visual outcomes after surgery for primary RRD in era of microincision vitrectomy

This is a prospective, multicentre, nationwide study between 2016 and 2017, to investigate the preoperative ocular factors, surgical techniques (pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or scleral buckling (SB), or combined procedures) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and postoperative best corrected visual...

Santen makes waves at ESCRS 2019 with significant expansion into surgical devices and publication of real-world evidence in dry eye disease

Santen EMEA’s significant expansion into the surgical devices arena is underlined by the company’s activities at this year’s European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (ESCRS) congress. In addition to the launch of a new...

Fusion vergence measures

The purpose of this study was to compare fusional vergence measurements between orthophoria, esophoria and exophoria and determine the strength of correlation between fusional vergence and angle of deviation. This was a cross-section study of 530 children aged six to...

Principles of contact lens fitting in keratoconus

Keratoconus is an ectatic condition of the cornea characterised by progressive conical distortion with irregular astigmatism, myopia and apical protrusion. Most cases progress slowly resulting in varying degrees of myopic astigmatism. Management of keratoconus includes spectacles, soft contact lenses, a...

Influence of FLEx and SMILE on corneal nerve density and ocular surface

This was a prospective study designed to compare the influence of femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) on the corneal nerve density and ocular surface for myopic correction. Thirty patients underwent bilateral lenticule extraction. One eye...

Stereo distance in XT

The test distance effect on stereoacuity was explored in a population with intermittent exotropia along with use of two types of stereograms with crossed and uncrossed disparity. At near and distance distances, the median for both disparities was 60”; 79%...

The 2020 Milgram Experiment

Will ophthalmology recover from COVID-19? Learning Curve columnist Gwyn Samuel Williams shares his thoughts on the developing impact of the pandemic “It’s busy today,” the nurse in green chuckles. “There are six patients I think.” Six. This clinic is designed...

Les Misérables

I recently had the signal pleasure of undergoing Part 2 of the FRCOphth exit exam and could not help but wonder at how examiners could on the whole be easily categorised into certain subtypes which readers may find fascinating. This...