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What can we learn from Jimmy McGill?

A few months ago, my eldest son got me interested in a Netflix series called “Better Call Saul”. This is a spin-off from another series called “Breaking Bad”, although I confess to not having seen any of those episodes as...

Severe conjunctival cicatrisation secondary to chronic glaucoma therapy

The timing of glaucoma filteration surgery during the course of chronic progressive glaucoma remains a contentious issue amongst glaucoma specialists. The vast majority support the use of maximal medical treatment initially to achieve the target pressure. Surgical procedures are only...

Uncertainties and opportunities in ophthalmology training after the COVID-19 pandemic

Alexander Jones asks what impact the current pandemic will have on ophthalmology trainees. In my work as a Clinical Teaching Fellow, I have to admit that chaos is uncommon. Neither the anxious excitement of rushing to help an unwell patient...

Corneal keloid: Report of natural history and Outcome of Surgical Management in Two Cases

Corneal keloids are rare and typically reported following trauma (including post-surgical) and has been reported without any trauma or previous surgery. A corneal keloid differs from a hypertrophied scar in that it occurs months/years after the injury, enlarges over time...

What's trending Feb/Mar 2019

#smartcaptionglasses #Epson #livetheatre #deaf Here is some good news for the New Year. Epson, a Japanese technology firm, has developed augmented reality glasses, which display captions timed with the actors’ performances [1]. Stage lighting, timing and other stage cues are...

The interpretation and use of ultrasound biomicroscopy (part 1)

Ultrasound Biomicroscopy (UBM) has become increasingly important for the diagnosis of a variety of anterior segment pathologies. Most ophthalmologists are familiar with conventional B-scan ultrasonography techniques, which operate at lower sound frequencies (7.5 to 20MHz). UBM is an ultrasound technique...

Third nerve palsy following cataract surgery with sub-Tenon’s anaesthesia

Figure 1: Photograph showing partial ptosis of the right eye two months after surgery (photo by R McLeod). An 83-year-old lady had routine right eye cataract surgery under uncomplicated sub-Tenon’s anaesthesia. She presented two weeks later, explaining that following the...

Blinking blepharitis has a lot to answer for…

Never ignore the small things’…someone once said. There is no doubt blepharitis is one of the most common eye conditions encountered daily, but with the typical pressures of a busy outpatient department, the management of more obvious, sight-threatening conditions necessarily...

Intracameral bevacizumab as an adjunct to trabeculectomy

This is a 12-month, prospective, randomised, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial of patients who were not controlled medically with open angle glaucoma and scheduled for a primary trabeculectomy. Patients were recruited and randomised during the period between April 2009 and November 2010....

Outcomes of corneal cross-linking in paediatric patients compared to fellow untreated eyes

This retrospective cohort study evaluated long-term visual, refractive, topographic and safety outcomes of corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients younger than 18-years-old with keratoconus. The study included all consecutive paediatric patients who underwent epithelium-off CXL treatment for keratoconus at the study...

Presentation of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia is the umbrella term for malignancies of the conjunctiva and within the spectrum lies conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) – a non-invasive malignancy. CIN has been implicated with ageing, smoking and ultraviolet light exposure. The typical manifestation...

Surgical management of high myopia strabismus

This is a small case series of three patients with unilateral or bilateral high myopia with exotropia and hypotropia. Surgery involved nasal loop myopexy between the medial and superior recti muscles with or without lateral rectus recession and / or...