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Ocular bubbly: a vitreoretinal update on the art of gases

The authors remind us of the revolutionary impact gases have had on retinal surgery. In 1938, Rosengren attempted to improve his retina repair surgical outcomes [1]. He discovered that suturing the retina or pressing externally on the sclera were not...

Intracameral antibiotics in cataract surgery: current evidence base

Following on from our recent online survey*, the authors examine the use of intracameral cefuroxime as the standard of care in cataract surgery. Cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the...

An optometrist’s view of the Emergency Eye Day

Liverpool is steeped in history, from its mercantile history, home to Cunard and the White Star line, to the Merseybeat and Derek Hatton. Not to be outdone at their annual meeting in the city, the Royal College of Ophthalmologists made...

The willingness of patients to participate in an eye donation registry for research

This paper explores the willingness of ophthalmic patients to donate their eyes post-mortem for research purposes. A total of 300 German patients with a median age of 70 years (range 19-95) completed the standardised questionnaire; 45.3% were female and the...

A rare neonatal presentation of bilateral dacryocele and choanal atresia

Following a routine pregnancy, a newly delivered baby boy, born at term, was found to have increased work of breathing, stridor and a left medial canthal swelling. The baby required 100% oxygen via a face mask to maintain oxygen saturations....

Anaesthetic drops abuse

A 67-year-old retired female nurse presented with persistent, bilateral, non-healing (>6 weeks) corneal ulcers and stromal ring infiltrates (Figures 1 and 2). The epithelial defects were the result of chemical burns caused by her contact lenses which had been stored...

Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking

As the title suggests, this publication provides a single volume that collates much of the current knowledge and application for corneal collage cross-linking (CXL). There are 23 chapters, subdivided into seven sections, including five pages of indices. The chapters are...

Eye Diseases in Hot Climates (Fifth Edition)

This book focuses on diseases and associated issues causing visual impairment and blindness in the low socio-economically developed parts of the world. The majority of these are preventable and treatable. The earlier chapters cover basic anatomy and physiology, pharmacology and...

Late stromal rejection in DALK

This case series reported on late stromal rejections in eyes after uncomplicated deep anterior lamellar keratoplasties (DALKs). Four eyes of three patients experienced episodes of isolated stromal rejection 33 to 46 months after surgically uncomplicated DALKs and a minimum of...

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of open globe injury

This retrospective cohort study examined consecutive open globe injuries at a tertiary referral centre over a three year period. The aim of the study was to detail the clinical characteristics of open globe injuries and to explore their association with...

Twenty-four hour IOP patterns in patients with thyroid eye disease (OO/GL)

Elevated IOP in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) can be caused by restriction and compression of the globe by enlarged extraocular muscles, elevated episcleral venous pressure and increased mucopolysaccharide deposition in the trabecular meshwork. Although previous studies have investigated...

Frontalis muscle flap for congenital ptosis

This is a review of 43 patients (47 eyes) with severe congenital ptosis who underwent a suspension procedure using a frontalis flap technique. The average age of patients was 6 +/-2.5 years, and all had a severe ptosis with an...