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Managing a dislocated intraocular lens

A 70-year-old male patient is referred from the optician with a history of onset of double vision and examination shows a dislocated / subluxated IOL. How will you manage this patient? If the double vision is causing serious concern to...

IN FOCUS - Prevention and treatment of blindness worldwide: the story of ‘VISION 2020: The Right to Sight’

The story of blindness and efforts to prevent and treat it cannot be told without going back to the earliest recorded history of blindness. Trachoma was described in ancient Egypt, cataract surgery in India about the fifth century BC and...

Getting the Duke Elder examination right: reflections and tips from a medical student

The Duke Elder undergraduate prize examination is an annual exam organised by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists in the United Kingdom. Named after Sir Stewart Duke Elder, a prominent British ophthalmologist, the exam is designed to encourage undergraduate medical students...

Putting surgeons’ comfort first with ergonomically correct seating

Ensure that you are sitting stable and safely during long and complicated procedures.

Are you sitting comfortably?

Ensure that you are sitting stable and safely during ophthalmic procedures. Rest your arms comfortably and maintain a healthy back, with ergonomically correct seating from Brumaba.

A comparative treatment study of VCZ and liposomal AmpB in an Aspergillus fumigatus endophthalmitis model

This study aims to compare the effects of voriconazole (VCZ) and liposomal amphotericin B (AmpB) in an experimental model of exogenous Aspergillus fumigatus endophthalmitis in a guinea pig animal model. Endophthalmitis was induced by intravitreal injection of a strain of...

Can coenzyme Q10 have a protective role in ethambutol-induced retinal ganglion cell toxicity

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases, especially in developing or low- income countries. Ethambutol is a widely used drug to treat TB. Ethambutol can cause visual disturbance including ethambutol toxic optic neuropathy (ETON). ETON is one...

Quiz Feb/Mar 2024

History A 21-month-old boy presented to his local ophthalmology department with a left proptotic eye from a growing cystic lesion known to be present from birth. Notes taken on presentation were: Known left microphthalmia with chorio-retinal coloboma, contralateral eye was...

Bovine pericardium scleral patch graft associated scleritis: Ahmed valve implant for pupillary block glaucoma

Processed bovine pericardium is a lyophilised collagen sheet used as a surgical armamentarium. It renders the material antigenically inert with minimal inflammation [1]. Sclera patch pericardium graft (Tutopatch) is a collagenous membrane derived from solvent preserved, irradiated bovine pericardium [2]...

Retinal blood flow changes in glaucoma

This study examined the changes in retinal blood flow and vessel diameter after IOP reduction in high- and low-pressure glaucoma; exfoliation glaucoma (ExG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Glaucoma progression is seen at times in eyes despite IOP reduction and changes...

Is patient masking leading to an increase in post-op infection after eyelid surgery?

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of facemasks or face coverings in the clinical setting has become necessary. It is important to recognise that facemasks can be a source of infection after eye surgery and consider ways to minimise...

MicroRNA mediate retinoblastoma signal transduction

MicroRNAs (miR) are small non-coding single-stranded RNA molecules, normally 22 nucleotides long. There is a large family of miR that control protein expression by binding to mRNAs, leading to their degradation. One important role of miR is in tumours where...