You searched for "disease"

1742 results found

Essentials of OCT in Ocular Disease

Sir Isaac Newton was the first to establish the technique of low coherence white light interferometry. Following on from this, the principle of laser interferometry as an imaging modality for retina was applied by David Huang and his associates in...

Serology testing in periocular inflammatory disease

This is a review article of serological tests in thyroid eye disease, IgG4-related disease and myasthenia gravis. The authors provide an overview of the current serology with a brief description of how they relate to the pathogenesis of each condition....

Vitamin D and thyroid eye disease

This is a retrospective review of vitamin D levels in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). Vitamin D levels in 89 patients with Grave’s disease and TED were compared against 89 patients with Grave’s disease and no TED. They also...

Oral azithromycin for meibomian gland disease

Oral tetracyclines have been the traditional systemic treatment of blepharitis and acne rosacea, through inhibiting bacterial lipase production and reducing fatty acids. However, tetracyclines have a number of adverse side-effects and are required to be taken for a long duration...

Assessment and management of dry eye disease

This paper is an update on the assessment and management of dry eye disease (DED). According to the second International Dry Eye Workshop 2017, “Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface characterised by a loss of homoeostasis...

Ocular manifestations of Whipple’s disease

In this retrospective review of 217 patients with Whipple’s disease (WD), the authors reviewed the presentations of those with ocular manifestations. Ocular signs of WD are under recognised, frequently resulting in misdiagnosis and mismanagement. Mayo Data Explorer, a Mayo Clinic...

IVTA use in Behçet’s disease

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection (4mg/0.1ml) in controlling posterior segment inflammation in patients with Behçet’s disease. Medical records of consecutive patients diagnosed with Behçet’s who underwent IVTA between July 2005...

Glaucoma medications and ocular surface disease

This literature review examined ocular surface disease (OSD) associated with glaucoma medication. The authors examined the prevalence of features and management guidelines glaucoma medication associated OSD. Fifty-eight articles published within the past five years are included in this review and...

Sensitive cilia – eyelashes in health and disease

In health our eyelashes protect the eyes, but in disease they can disfigure, impair quality of life and threaten vision. In this review the authors discuss aspects of lashes that are relevant to all professionals working near the eyes and...

Is there an association between dry eye disease and depression and anxiety?

Dry eye disease is a widespread ocular surface condition (prevalence 5.5-33.7%) that has been previously linked to systemic diseases, such as Sjogren, rheumatoid arthritis and more recently possibly also depression, in small population-based studies. The authors’ aim was to investigate...

Association between diabetes mellitus and dry eye disease

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the United States. It is estimated that 12.3% of Americans suffer from DM. In this study the authors compare between dry eye and diabetes mellitus among a...

Immunoglobulin G4-related ophthalmic disease – what is it? (Part 1)

Part 1: Epidemiology, classification, radiology, histopathology and associations (see Part 2 here) In this two-part series, Li Yen Goh reviews IgG4 disease and reminds us of diagnostic challenges faced. Introduction Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) disease is a recently recognised idiopathic systemic...