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Corneal transplantation in the United Kingdom: are we blind to the challenges that still exist after the Organ Donation Bill?

Corneal transplantation (CT) is a significant treatment option for a huge number of patients in the United Kingdom (UK) [1]. For an individual, CT results in a substantial improvement in quality of life. Penetrating keratoplasty with full thickness grafting has...

Mini DMEK for acute hydrops

This is a retrospective analysis of three patients who underwent mini DMEK for massive corneal hydrops in acute keratoconus. DMEK graft was trephined or trimmed according to the size and the shape of the gap in the patient’s Descemet membrane...

γδ T cell depletion does not affect fungal keratitis

Fungal keratitis (FK) is a blinding condition prevalent in agricultural areas of countries such as India and China. The fungus enters the cornea and induces an inflammatory response which leads to tissue damage. Neutrophils are the earliest infiltrating immune cells...

Outcomes of hemi DMEK

This was a prospective, interventional case series of 10 eyes from 10 patients who underwent hemi-descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (hemi-DMEK) for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy. The surgical technique for hemi DMEK procedure was similar to the circular DMEK except that a...

Corneal stroma modelling under hypoxic conditions

The cornea is exposed to hypoxia under several conditions including sleep, inflammation and wound healing. Being an avascular tissue to maintain transparency, how the cornea homeostatic controls oxygen tension is important. To address this process two models were utilised; a...

Maintenance therapy for CMV endotheliitis

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been associated with corneal endotheliitis, leading to endothelial cell loss and corneal decompensation. CMV corneal endotheliitis recurrence can affect between 5-60% of eyes after cessation of anti-CMV therapy. Each recurrence of endotheliitis has a detrimental effect on...

Effect of rebubbling after DMEK

This study objectively evaluated the impact of rebubbling on postoperative corneal clarity and endothelial cell loss (ELD) after DMEK. This was a retrospective analysis of 132 consecutive DMEK cases performed for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. Patients were...

Topical insulin for neurotrophic ulcers

This retrospective case series described the use of topical insulin drops as an aid in treatment of refractory neurotrophic corneal ulceration in six patients. Insulin drops were prepared under sterile conditions from standard insulin preparations mixed with artificial tears containing...

Quarter DMEK

This case report describes a novel technique where one quarter of Descemet’s membrane (DM) was transplanted during a quarter-descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) procedure. DMEK graft was prepared from a 58-year-old corneo-scleral donor after one week in culture. Peripheral DM...

Temporal versus nasal clear corneal incisions

This is a prospective randomised study of 100 patients’ left eye having undergone phacoemulsification either by a 2.4mm nasal clear corneal incision (CCI) group or temporal CCI group. The corneal astigmatic changes were compared between groups by power vector analysis,...

Systemic fungal infections and corneal transplants

This prospective study looked at corneal donors with positive medical history of systemic fungal infection (oral thrush or respiratory, urine, wound, sputum, bronchial, tracheal, or throat culture positive for fungus), to establish if the risk of post-keratoplasty fungal eye infections...

Erythropoietin in healing corneal epithelial defects in rabbits

Corneal epithelial defects heal slowly in patients with diabetes, limbal stem cell deficiency and severe chemical burns. Erythropoietin is a glycoprotein hormone that promotes red blood cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of erythroid progenitors as well as nonhematopoietic cells. In...