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Corneal stroma modelling under hypoxic conditions

The cornea is exposed to hypoxia under several conditions including sleep, inflammation and wound healing. Being an avascular tissue to maintain transparency, how the cornea homeostatic controls oxygen tension is important. To address this process two models were utilised; a...

Maintenance therapy for CMV endotheliitis

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been associated with corneal endotheliitis, leading to endothelial cell loss and corneal decompensation. CMV corneal endotheliitis recurrence can affect between 5-60% of eyes after cessation of anti-CMV therapy. Each recurrence of endotheliitis has a detrimental effect on...

Corneal transplantation in the United Kingdom: are we blind to the challenges that still exist after the Organ Donation Bill?

Corneal transplantation (CT) is a significant treatment option for a huge number of patients in the United Kingdom (UK) [1]. For an individual, CT results in a substantial improvement in quality of life. Penetrating keratoplasty with full thickness grafting has...

Outcomes of hemi DMEK

This was a prospective, interventional case series of 10 eyes from 10 patients who underwent hemi-descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (hemi-DMEK) for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy. The surgical technique for hemi DMEK procedure was similar to the circular DMEK except that a...

Effect of rebubbling after DMEK

This study objectively evaluated the impact of rebubbling on postoperative corneal clarity and endothelial cell loss (ELD) after DMEK. This was a retrospective analysis of 132 consecutive DMEK cases performed for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. Patients were...

Topical insulin for neurotrophic ulcers

This retrospective case series described the use of topical insulin drops as an aid in treatment of refractory neurotrophic corneal ulceration in six patients. Insulin drops were prepared under sterile conditions from standard insulin preparations mixed with artificial tears containing...

Temporal versus nasal clear corneal incisions

This is a prospective randomised study of 100 patients’ left eye having undergone phacoemulsification either by a 2.4mm nasal clear corneal incision (CCI) group or temporal CCI group. The corneal astigmatic changes were compared between groups by power vector analysis,...

Systemic fungal infections and corneal transplants

This prospective study looked at corneal donors with positive medical history of systemic fungal infection (oral thrush or respiratory, urine, wound, sputum, bronchial, tracheal, or throat culture positive for fungus), to establish if the risk of post-keratoplasty fungal eye infections...

Erythropoietin in healing corneal epithelial defects in rabbits

Corneal epithelial defects heal slowly in patients with diabetes, limbal stem cell deficiency and severe chemical burns. Erythropoietin is a glycoprotein hormone that promotes red blood cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of erythroid progenitors as well as nonhematopoietic cells. In...

Scheimpflug imaging in paediatric glaucoma

The authors undertook this study to report the corneal tomographic characteristics of eyes that had surgery for controlled primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) compared to a control group. The study included 44 eyes of 27 children (18 males) having surgery for...

Corneal tattooing as treatment for bullous keratopathy

This retrospective study looked at differences in epithelial smoothing in patients with bullous keratopathy (BK) undergoing either corneal tattooing or anterior stromal puncture (ASP). Both procedures were carried out for symptomatic relief in eyes with poor visual potential. Chinese ink...

Accelerated (9mW/cm2) corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus

This is one of many studies published / to be published on corneal collagen cross-linking that has a treatment time of 10 minutes compared to the previous Dresden protocol of 30 minutes to halt progression of keratoconus. Much has changed...