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Safe cataract extraction with underlying hypotonous cilio-choroidal detachment following trabeculectomy surgery

The authors of this study (including the reviewer of this article) describe a surgical technique for phacoemulsification in the presence of shallow choroidal detachment owing to hypotony following trabeculectomy. In their case series, four eyes of four patients with advanced...

Systemic sarcoidosis presenting with acute myopia and angle closure

Case report A 40-year-old Asian man presented to the Emergency Department with a one day history of sudden onset visual disturbance in his right eye. He complained of image distortion and noted that objects now appeared smaller. He also described...

Lines, dots, spots and rings in ophthalmology: understanding eponyms

Eponymous names are familiar to all who have undergone undergraduate and postgraduate training in medicine. The ability to name a few allows one to stand out among your peers and rare, or not so rare, eponymous syndromes are a favourite...

Katherine McVeigh

In this new section we profile creatives whose work is inspired by the eye. Since I was a child, I have enjoyed art projects. It provided me with a space for creative freedom without rules or restrictions. Unfortunately, this fell...

A paradigm shift in the way we approach cataract surgery

Cataract surgery is the most common elective surgical procedure in the UK [1], with in the region of 350,000 cases being conducted each year. With an ageing population, this figure will only continue to rise over time. Cataract surgery is...

OCTA use in CNV associated with CSR

The aim of this study was to assess the rate of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSR) patients with flat irregular pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Data of all consecutive patients with...

Embryology in clinical practice

The fascinating world of embryology is both beautiful and practical. It is a home video of our evolutionary history through the ages from the single cell through to the life aquatic, the development of gut, limbs and brain, and most...

Grading of ocular inflammation in uveitis: an overview

Anterior uveitis is the commonest form of uveitis, which can lead to severe morbidity if not treated appropriately [1]. Data from general ophthalmology practices suggest around 90% of uveitis encountered by comprehensive ophthalmologists is anterior uveitis [2]. Intermediate (vitreous), posterior...

The International AMD Genomics Consortium study: another success in understanding the complex genetics of AMD

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a neurodegenerative complex disease of the eye and a major cause of blindness and visual impairment among the elderly worldwide. The early stages of the disease are characterised by asymptomatic pigmentary abnormalities and accumulation of...

Thyroid eye disease and obstructive sleep apnoea

This is a retrospective study looking for an association between compressive optic neuropathy in thyroid eye disease (TED-CON) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). One hundred and nine patients with thyroid eye disease were asked to complete a validated questionnaire designed...

Thyroid eye disease

Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an autoimmune condition with a spectrum of signs and symptoms, usually associated with Graves’ hyperthyroidism. The diagnosis is based on history and physical examination but there are further investigations that can aid diagnosis if unclear....

Macular atrophy with aflibercept

The authors of this paper set out to investigate the prevalence of macular atrophy in treatment-naive patients with neovascular AMD undergoing aflibercept monotherapy (three monthly loading injections followed by subsequent treatment every two months). Case notes over a three year...