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A paradigm shift in the way we approach cataract surgery

Cataract surgery is the most common elective surgical procedure in the UK [1], with in the region of 350,000 cases being conducted each year. With an ageing population, this figure will only continue to rise over time. Cataract surgery is...

Efficacy of IVC injection in the treatment of ROP

This is a retrospective consecutive case series of patients who received intravitreal conbercept (IVC) as a primary treatment from June 2015 to July 2016 for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Forty-eight eyes of 24 patients were included in the...

Infantile vertical nystagmus

The authors describe the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of infants who presented with isolated vertical nystagmus in infancy, age-appropriate visual behaviours and unremarkable neuroimaging studies. The study included eight patients presenting at <1-year-old. All had age-appropriate behaviour. At presentation...

Lateral tarsal strip versus Bick’s procedure in correction of eyelid malposition

The authors report a retrospective case series of patients, to evaluate the effectiveness of Lateral Tarsal Strip (LTS) and Bick’s procedure (lateral wedge resection) for all types of involutional lower eyelid malposition, at two centres between January 2012 and 2015....

Imaging papilloedema vs. pseudo-papilloedema

Quite often, in the working week as an ophthalmic photographer, you will be given that patient with ‘swollen discs’ to image. These swollen discs could be a number of things, but mainly fall into one of two categories: papilloedema or...

Sensitive cilia – eyelashes in health and disease

In health our eyelashes protect the eyes, but in disease they can disfigure, impair quality of life and threaten vision. In this review the authors discuss aspects of lashes that are relevant to all professionals working near the eyes and...

Positives and negatives of managing diplopia in adults with prisms

This study recruited consecutive patients prescribed prisms during a two-year period, within set criteria of a deviation up to 30 prism diopters, good fusion, willingness to wear prisms and no previous unsuccessful use of prisms. The majority of cases had...

Periocular burns: a literature review of classification, management protocols and outcomes of treatment

The author provides a review of the current literature regarding the principles of classification, management protocols of acute ocular and periocular burns and the role of the burn and oculoplastic surgeon involved in their care. More than two-thirds of facial...

Episcleral brachytherapy (EB) for retinoblastoma (RB)

This retrospective study consisted of 11 eyes treated either with Iodine (I) -125 or Ruthenium (R) -106EB with a mean apical dose of 44Gy. There were five in group B (46%), three in group C (27%) and three in group...

21st Century retinal laser treatment in the anti-VEGF era

In today’s world, macular laser treatment has a vital role in the treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DMO). DMO is one of the most common causes of visual impairment. Despite expensive intravitreal treatment courses of anti-VEGF, many will agree that...

Glaucoma-NET: a novel way of improving glaucoma management in sub-Saharan Africa

Background Glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness worldwide [1]. People with untreated glaucoma suffer from irreversible, progressive loss of sight. The disease is characterised by progressive loss of visual field, with pathological cupping of the optic disc...

Corneal dystrophies simplified

Based on biomicroscopic and histopathologic features, corneal dystrophies can be broadly classified into epithelial, Bowman’s layer / anterior stromal, stromal, and endothelial dystrophies. Corneal dystrophies are a group of inherited, bilateral, gradually progressing, non- inflammatory conditions caused by accumulation of...