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The science of glaucoma management: highlights of the 2020 Moorfields International Glaucoma Symposium

Held earlier this year, the 12th annual Moorfields International Glaucoma Symposium provided a forum for advanced clinical and scientific exchange in glaucoma management. The authors describe the key presentation themes and debates, highlighting specific topics of interest to glaucoma specialists....

Sharing best practice and landmark evidence in glaucoma care

Evolving technology, best practice and landmark evidence in glaucoma care were reviewed by an international expert faculty in session presentations and debates during the 11th Moorfields International Glaucoma Symposium 2019. The authors were meeting chairs and provide an overview of...

Learnings and trends in the management of open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma

To be truly disruptive, newer technologies need to offer a quality of life benefit over medication to a broad population of glaucoma sufferers. Evidence and converging trends in medical and surgical management of glaucoma were explored in counterpoint discussions and...

Flashes and floaters in community optometry – diagnosing a posterior vitreous detachment

Managing patients who attend a practice with symptoms of flashes and floaters is a regular occurrence in community optometric practice. It’s often very distressing for patients; symptoms can be quite dramatic and an internet search can indicate imminent blindness from...

Macular holes: A brief review

The classification of macular holes has been modernised by OCT findings. This is a brief review and encompasses the historical literature on macular holes. A macular hole is an anatomical discontinuation of the neurosensory retina at the centre of the...

Corneal dystrophies simplified

Based on biomicroscopic and histopathologic features, corneal dystrophies can be broadly classified into epithelial, Bowman’s layer / anterior stromal, stromal, and endothelial dystrophies. Corneal dystrophies are a group of inherited, bilateral, gradually progressing, non- inflammatory conditions caused by accumulation of...

The PMFA Journal - December/January 2019 issue available

FEATURES IN THIS ISSUE: Life after medicine by Andrew Burd. / The creation of PlayDoh® models as an educational tool for teaching anatomy of the eyelid by Maria De Bono Agius, Roth M Manners, Fiona R Jazayeri, Christina V Miller and Sally M Webber. AND MUCH MORE...

The PMFA Journal - February/March 2019 issue available

FEATURES IN THIS ISSUE: The truth behind facelift myths by Akshay Sanan, Sam P Most. / The gender affirmation surgery MDT by Michael Fee Yen Ng, Tareq Ammari. / Facial veins - diagnosis and treatment optionsby Victoria Smith and Mark Whiteley. AND MUCH MORE...

Sustained elevation of extracellular ATP in chronic glaucoma

Although adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) release from retinal neurons and astrocytes has been demonstrated in short-term increases in intraocular pressure (IOP); such as in aqueous humor of humans with primary acute angle closure glaucoma, the response in chronic IOP elevation was...

Brn3b neuroprotective effect in rat glaucoma model

An adeno-associated virus-directed overexpression of the Brn3b protein in hypothesised to confer neuroprotective effects in this paper. This is ultimately tested in a well-accepted rat glaucoma model (Morrison’s model: saline injection into episcleral veins of rat eyes with a force...

Canaloplasty after failed trabeculectomy

The authors describe the technique of canaloplasty performed in five patients who had undergone previous trabeculectomy and under maximum tolerated medical therapy or insufficient intraocular pressure (IOP) control. Canaloplasty is described by the authors as “a nonperforating blebless technique derived...

Retinal vessel diameter in pseudoexfoliation

Pseudoexfolation (PEX) is characterised by deposition of fibrillary extracellular material on ocular and extraocular tissue. Studies have shown that deposition in vascular structures cause hypoxia and ischaemia. In the eye, a decrease in blood supply to the optic nerve can...