A case presentation of morning glory disc anomaly and peripapillary staphyloma

The purpose of this paper is to present a case of an 18-month-old girl initially presenting with strabismus. Fixation of the affected eye was intermittent with a relative afferent pupillary defect. A fundus photography of the affected left eye showed...

Distance esotropia due to excessive near work

The authors aimed to review cases with divergence insufficiency esotropia in 12 young adults associated with excessive near work. Patients were aged 28.17 ±4.06 years and had normal external, anterior / posterior segment examinations and no neurological signs. Ten had...

Long-term outcomes of recess / resect for sensory XT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationships between initial and long-term outcome of unilateral recess / resect surgery in adult sensory exotropia, factors associated with long-term outcome, exotropia drift and time to failure follow-up surgery. This was a...

Residual esotropia surgery comparisons

The aim was to compare lateral rectus resection and plication methods in patients with residual esotropia for postoperative success rate, dose response, ipsilateral medial rectus limitations and reoperation. The study included 57 patients (31 female, 26 male) with 27 plication...

Medial rectus anatomy in exotropia

This study investigates the differences between extraocular muscles in patients with intermittent exotropia and normal controls regarding muscle fibre arrangement and diameter, and distribution and activation of satellite cells. Fifteen patients were recruited having medial rectus resection surgery. Resection sections...

Outcomes of augmented surgery for exotropia

This was a prospective study to assess patients with basic type intermittent exotropia of 15-45PD in angle and who were operated with augmented bilateral lateral rectus recessions with conjunctival recession, and followed postoperatively for six months. The study included 15...

Prisms to treat AACE

Of 128 patients reviewed with binocular dysfunction, 30 (23.4%) had acute acquired concomitant esotropia (AACE). These patients complained of sudden onset diplopia at distance with no or moderate problems at near. There was no previous history of strabismus. Mean age...

Ametropia prevalence and types in China

This study aimed to determine the prevalence and type of ametropia in Yunnan multi-ethnic regions. The study included 24,296 students aged 7-12 years (90.99%) in the study area of five different regions. There were 51% males and 32.2% minorities. Ametropia...

Changes in axial length and refraction in young Chinese school children

The authors aimed to assess refractive error and axial length in children aged seven to eight years (grades 1-2) starting education in South China. The study reviewed 301 students and obtained data for analysis from 291 (50.2% female). Average axial...

Surgical outcomes of isolated medial rectus palsy

Isolated medial rectus is a rare clinical entity. This prospective study of 32 patients from China showed that this was caused most commonly by iatrogenic injury (43.75%), trauma (37.50%) and congenital (18.75%) causes. An average of 60 ±25 prism dioptres...

Brain abnormality as risk factor for consecutive exotropia

The authors evaluated and compared the cerebral MRI findings in operated infantile esotropia cases with and without consecutive exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 28 patients. Group 1 had 17 cases of consecutive exotropia with a mean follow-up of...

Surgical outcome for cyclic strabismus

The aim of this study was to report the outcome of surgical treatment in a series of seven cases of paediatric cyclic strabismus. This was a retrospective study of children with surgical treatment for the manifest cyclic deviation. Six children...