Evaluation of Optive® in ocular discomfort after anti-VEGF intravitreal injection

In this study the authors prospectively evaluated the efficacy of Optive® eye drops after in full, then abbreviation - intravitreal injection (IVT). Patients naïve to IVT were included in the study. No artificial tear treatment was prescribed after the first...

Smartphone use and its effects on eyes

Longitudinal pilot study on 12 young healthy adults comparing effects of smartphone use over a 60-minute period. Reading conditions and smartphone use was standardised for all participants. Ocular symptoms, tear function and binocular vision were assessed before and after each...

Tear production levels and dry eye disease

Dry eye disease (DED) is multifactorial, caused by an alteration in the quality or quantity of tear film’s three layers. Several tests are available for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine if the Schirmer test (ST) could...

Localising the cause of bloody tears

The authors present two cases of ‘idiopathic’ bloody tearing. The paper presents the potential causes of bloody tearing, highlighting the difficulty that can be encountered in diagnosing and managing these patients. The authors use punctal plugs in these cases which...

Precision and accuracy of TearLab osmometer

Measuring tear osmolarity has been identified as a potential method for objectively diagnosing dry eye. TearLab osmolarity system is an in situ osmometer which may be a promising candidate for clinical use as it is portable and only requires a...

Chronic drop use and trabeculectomy on tear osmolarity

Ocular surface disease (OSD) is common in patients chronically treated for glaucoma. This may be related to the drug itself but often to the preservatives in the medication. Much work has been done on the most common preservative, benzalkonium chloride...