What is paracentral acute middle maculopathy?

This is a review article characterising a clinical entity called paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM). The article highlights the fact that retinal capillary plexuses are organised predominantly into three trilaminar capillary layers occupying the area between the nerve fibre layer...

Rebound phenomenon after IVT triamcinolone acetonide for macular oedema

In this retrospective study, the authors report the rebound phenomenon after intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection for macular oedema secondary to diabetic retinopathy (DR) and central (CRVO) or branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). The incidence of a rebound phenomenon was...

Retinal vascular occlusion from gentamicin injection post-vitrectomy

The authors present two case reports for the rare, but serious, complication of retinal vascular occlusion as a presumed result of subconjunctival injection following 25-gauge vitrectomy. Risk factors for the complication include: cardiovascular disease, retrobulbar anaesthesia, high intraocular pressure (IOP)...

Intravitreal Ziv-Aflibercept: safety analysis

Ziv-Aflibercept (Zaltrap; Sanofi-Aventis U.S LLS, Bridgewater, NJ) was originally introduced as an intravenous formulation for metastatic colorectal cancer. The adoption of Ziv-Aflibercept in ophthalmic practice was similar to bevacizumab, and reports have previously examined one to two year visual outcomes...

Microtropia as an amblyopia indicator

This study was undertaken to determine if microtropia with identity (straight eye anisometropia) is a reliable indicator of amblyopia following optical correction. This was a retrospective review of 532 children aged four to five years. After two months of glasses...

The incidence of retinal vein occlusion in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to evaluate PXF as an independent risk factor for the occurrence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Three hundred PXF glaucoma patients (PXF group), 300 non-PXF glaucoma patients, and 599 non glaucoma non-PXF (nGnP...

DRIL after macular oedema treatment in BRVO

The authors report the analysis of a single-site, retrospective, cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between disorganisation of the retinal inner layers (DRIL) and visual acuity (VA) after anti-VEGF treatment for macular oedema (MO) due to branch retinal vein occlusion...

Does Ozurdex affect perfusion status in vein occlusion?

Ozurdex (intravitreal dexamethasone implant) has been approved by National Institute of Health & Care Excellence (NICE) for treatment of patients with macular oedema associated with vein occlusion. This study looks at the change in peripheral perfusion status in patients with...

Dynamics of interocular suppression

The main aim of this study was to determine the development of the depth of interocular suppression in the course of occlusion treatment in amblyopia as well as its correlation with changes in visual acuity. The authors investigated whether presence...

A case series of acute visual loss following excessive alcohol and / or drug use

This study presents three cases of so called Saturday night retinopathy, an acute visual loss following intravenous drug abuse and stupor, leading to continuous pressure on the orbit while asleep. All three cases presented with acute vision loss and had...

Are retinal vein occlusions seasonal? And if so why might that be?

Some studies have reported a strong seasonal pattern to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) occurrence with a peak in January, but other studies have failed to replicate this finding. The authors sought to determine data for Stockholm’s seasonal variation in...

A rare case of post-traumatic central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion is rarely associated with traumatic optic neuropathy, this case report details of one such case. The reported case is of a ten-year-old boy presenting after a fall from height with loss of vision in one eye....