Effects of idiopathic intracranial hypertension on the optic nerves

The authors review the latest evidence regarding how the optic nerves are affected by idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), possible pathophysiology and methods of assessment. IIH is described as a clinical syndrome of raised intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. A systematic...

A case study of posterior globe flattening in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The authors present a single case of posterior globe flattening without papilloedema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The case was a 64-year-old woman with a one-year history of transient visual loss in her left eye only. Visual acuity was 20/20 in...

A case report showing the natural history of papilloedema

The case report describes a 54-year-old woman who developed increased intracranial hypertension due to chronic dural venous sinus thrombosis in the absence of any significant comorbidity. In the years preceding diagnosis, the patient underwent routine diabetic retinopathy screening; however, gradual...

Prediction of visual outcome in IIH

In this prospective study, visual outcome of 40 patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) was compared with clinical and neuro-ophthalmic parameters. The purpose of this was to determine any correlation to try and predict visual outcome for IIH patients. Parameters...

Clinical and neuro-ophthalmologic predictors of visual outcome in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

This prospective study of 40 patients aims to assess visual morbidity in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Final visual outcome of patients was compared with clinical and neuro-ophthalmic parameters such as visual acuity, visual field, contrast sensitivity, retinal nerve...

Risk of developing pseudotumor cerebri in women using a levonorgesteral intrauterine device

Pseudotumor cerebri (PCT) is a disorder causing increased intracranial pressure without a mass lesion, usually seen in obese women of childbearing age. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an idiopathic form of the disorder, but several medications have been associated with the...

Resolution of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH): case series

The authors report the findings from 14 patients following treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). All 14 patients experienced an immediate and sustained resolution of the IIH in the setting of prolonged cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage at a rate greater...

Characteristics and incidence of sixth nerve palsy in children with intracranial hypertension

The authors report the incidence and characteristics of sixth cranial nerve palsy in paediatric patients with intracranial hypertension. A retrospective review of records was performed in central Ohio over a three year period and nine children were found to have...

A case report of papilloedema caused by unilateral jugular vein thrombosis

In rare cases, unilateral jugular vein thrombosis can lead to increased intracranial pressure and papilloedema, resulting in headaches and visual loss. The authors describe the case of a 45-year-old patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx who developed right...

Do operative interventions for IIH improve visual function?

The authors of this paper reviewed patient case notes to determine visual outcome following shunt surgery for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). A retrospective case notes review was conducted for 50 patients who underwent shunt surgery for IIH. Outcome measures included...