You searched for "sinus"

616 results found

Cavernous sinus syndrome

Anatomically the cavernous sinus is a plexus of multiple veins that are connected and within this plexus there are several important vascular and neurological structures. These include cranial nerves III, IV, V1 (and sometimes V2), VI as well as the...

Cavernous sinus thrombosis and orbital cellulitis

This is a report of six cases of combined orbital cellulitis and infective cavernous sinus thrombosis, with a literature review. The average age was 39 years, four were male and two were intravenous drug users. All had sinusitis, usually involving...

Treatment options for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but serious complication of infection of the cavernous sinuses. Potential therapies include antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticoagulation, as well as surgical intervention for source control of the infection. The authors report that there is...

Orbital sphenoid sinus trauma: a rare trauma case

With a high complication and mortality rate, intra-sphenoidal and transorbital trauma poses a high complication rate and remains challenging to manage. Numerous key structures run nearby such as: the optic nerve, internal carotid arteries and ophthalmic arteries. The authors present...

Neuro-ophthalmological symptoms in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

The authors of this article have evaluated the neuro-ophthalmological symptoms of 49 patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. They have evaluated the onset of the disease as well as the symptoms reported. The authors present extensive clinical information for individual...

A case report of cavernous sinus syndrome following dental procedure

This case report describes a patient presenting with painful diplopia as a consequence of root canal dental treatment. Following root canal treatment a non-resolving tooth pain led to a decision to extract the tooth, leading to onset of severe periorbital...

Early diagnosis of pituitary apoplexy using combined MRI findings

The author presents a literature review searching the terms ‘pituitary ring sign’ and ‘sphenoid sinus mucosal thickening’ in the context of pituitary apoplexy from 1990 until the present day. These two findings are both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of...

A case of ipsilateral fourth nerve paresis and Horner’s syndrome

The author presents a single case report of an exceptional association between fourth nerve palsy and ipsilateral Horner’s Syndrome. The case is presented alongside magnetic resonance images (MRI) which reveal a mass in the right cavernous sinus. The 54-year-old woman...

An unusual case of sellar chondroma

A single case of chondrogenic neoplasm arising from the base of the skull is presented and discussed. These benign and slow growing tumours in the sellar region are extremely rare and as such this article provides a useful insight and...

Orthoptic slit-lamp

Adaptations are described that allow the slit-lamp to be used to document squint disorders. Changes are made in the observation system, illumination system, for recording clinical findings and visualisation of clinical findings. The author includes the use of minus lens...

Choosing a subspecialty

It is quite worrying how many registrars reach the final years of training without choosing a subspecialty. Sometimes this is because they love everything and cannot countenance giving any of it up, but more commonly this is due to various...

Interesting causes and consequences of orbital inflammations

Three articles discuss various causes and consequences or orbital cellulitis. The first highlights the possibility of orbital cellulitis causing cavernous sinus thrombosis and in the case presented progression to internal carotid artery aneurysm. The authors highlight the importance of considering...